Introducing  Social Psychology

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Modules 1 & 2. The 
Questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You 
can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, 
may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You 
are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, 
& material on the web site.

---- Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. ----

1. Which of the following terms implies testable predictions? 


2. A "good" theory makes clear predictions, that we can use to

 generate new exploration.
  confirm or modify the theory.
   suggest practical applications.
    all of the above

3.  If you found a perfect positive correlation between a predictor variable (A) & an outcome variable (Y), 
which of the following conclusions would be appropriate?

 either A causes Y, or Y causes A
  A causes Y
   Y causes A
    none of the above

4. You conduct a study investigating the relationship between hours of physical exercise per week (A) 
and hours of television watched per week (B). You find a general trend in your results: people who 
watch less TV tend to spend more time exercising. This is an example of a _____ relationship between 
variables A & B.

 - lack of
 - positive
 - negative
 - case where the direction of the relationship depends on whether A or B is plotted on the x-axis. The 
   direction fixes the

5. You conduct a investigation into the relationship between study time and performance on a 
statistics exam. You find that, as study time increases, performance on the exam also tends to 
increase. A possible value for your correlation coefficient in this case would be:

 - 1.00
 - 0.50

6.   Asks whether two or more factors are naturally associated.

  naturalistic research 
   quantitative research 
    correlational research 
     experimental research
7.  The degree to which an experiment absorbs & involves its participants is called

 field realism.
  mundane realism.
   everyday realism.
    experimental realism. 

8. The degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations 
is called

 field realism.
  mundane realism.
   everyday realism.
    experimental realism. 

9. Which of the following ethical principles dealing with research has an exception not noted?

- Protect people from harm & significant discomfort.
- Fully explain the experiment afterward, including any deception.
- Provide enough information for the participant to make informed consent.
- Be truthful. Use deception only if essential & justified by a significant purpose & not about 
  aspects that would affect their willingness to participate. 

10. Hindsight bias

 is not known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon.
 is never conductive to arrogance.
 comes after learning an outcome.
 is the same thing as common sense. 

11. Research on hindsight bias indicates that:
 - people are very good at making predictions about events that have not yet occurred. 
 - people who do not know the outcome of an event will wait until it occurs before making a prediction. 
 - people who already know the outcome of an event tend to overestimate the predictability of that event. 
 - people who already know the outcome of an event tend to underestimate the predictability of that event. 

12. When a laboratory experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations, the experiment has 

 quality control. 
 mundane realism. 
 situational validity. 
 experimental realism. 

13. The conclusion to be drawn from research on "hindsight bias" is that our common sense is usually 

 right after the fact. 
 wrong after the fact. 

14. Two contradictory criticisms faced by social psychology are that its findings are 
obvious & that its findings 

 are trivial. 
 are untrue. 
 are contradictory. 
 could be used to manipulate people. 

15. Only when experimental participants were informed that a woman was raped did they 
perceive the woman's behavior as inviting rape. This best illustrates that victim-blaming 
is fueled by:

 social gravity.
 hindsight bias.
 self-fulfilling prophecies.
 the mere exposure effect.
 the foot-in-the door phenomenon.
16. An experimenter has one group of participants eat fried chicken that was packaged in a blue carton, while a 
second group of participants ate the same brand of fried chicken packaged in a yellow carton. Participants then 
indicated how much they liked the fried chicken. The independent variable was:

  color of the carton 
   brand of fried chicken 
    gender of the participant 
     degree to which they liked the fried chicken 

17. In the previous question, the dependent variable was: 

  color of the carton 
   brand of fried chicken 
    gender of the participant 
     degree to which they liked the fried chicken 

18. The most important assumption of social psychologists that is listed below is 

  social situations determine mental events & behavior. 
   the situation is the primary determinant of much of our behavior. 
    individual differences in behavior are much more common than similarities. 
     all the above 

19. In order for a theory of a phenomenon (such as the theory of evolution by natural 
selection) to be considered to be a "fact" (a true theory), researchers testing that 
theory must have 

  convinced everyone that the theory is a fact. 
   reached a consensus that the theory probably is correct. 
    measured the important concepts with numerical techniques. 
     ruled out all plausible alternative explanations of the phenomenon. 

20. The use of chance procedures used in a psychology experiment to ensure that each 
participant has the same opportunity to be assigned to any given group is called 

  random sampling. 
   random assignment.  
    creating un-equivalent groups. 
     insuring the dependent experimental value is constant. 
                             Social Psychology
                               Robert C. Gates