The Dislike Of Diversity

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on module 22. The questions 
are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam three. You can, in fact, 
expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal 
with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are 
responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, 
& material on the web site.

---- Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. ----

1. Prejudice is to discrimination as attitude is to

•  policy.
 •  belief.
  •  behavior.
   •  generalization.

2. Prejudice is defined as 

•  a cognitive categorization based on overgeneralizations. 
 •  a negative attitude toward a group & its individual members. 
  •  an inaccurate idea about a group based on insufficient information. 
   •  an intentional or unintentional policy of discriminating against out groups. 

3. Prejudice biases us against an individual based solely on 

•  our present emotional state. 
 •  the person’s behavior & appearance. 
  •  our past experience with persons like this one. 
   •  the person’s identification with a particular group. 

4. “Greatest prejudice in the most _____ social realms” seems to be a universal phenomenon. 

•  public 
 •  intimate 
  •  profitable 
   •  traditional 

5. Although blatant racial prejudice in the US has subsided, automatic negative emotional reactions 
linger. This illustrates 

•  discrimination. 
 •  ingroup sensitivity. 
  •  old-fashioned racism. 
   •  a dual attitude system. 

6. Ideas about how men & women ought to behave are called _______, whereas ideas about how 
women & men do behave are called _______. 

 gender preferences; gender roles 
 sexist attitudes; sexists stereotypes 
 gender stereotypes; gender-role norms 
 gender-role norms; gender stereotypes 

7. Gender-role norms are ________, whereas gender stereotypes are ________. 

 automatic; controlled 
 controlled; automatic 
 prescriptive; descriptive 
 descriptive; prescriptive 

8. Which of the following is false? 

 Few women accept gender stereotypes 
 Stereotypes do not contribute to prejudices. 
 Strong gender stereotypes continue to exist. 
 Gender stereotypes are generally stronger than racial stereotypes. 

9. Research on gender attitudes suggests 

- a “women-are-wonderful” effect. 
- that most people express more admiration than affection for women. 
- that men and women are viewed as equally understanding and helpful. 
- that most people have gut-level negative emotions about women even though 
  they describe them favorably. 

10. Racism refers to

•  institutional practices that subordinate people of a given race. 
 •  individuals’ prejudicial attitudes toward people of a given race. 
  •  individuals’ discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race. 
   •  All of the above describe facets of racism.
11. Stereotypes involve:•  beliefs & expectations about a particular group. 

 •  any mental process that is involved in the evaluation of people. 
  •  negative emotions experienced in the presence of members of specific groups. 
   •  negative behavioral tendencies with respect to the persons who are the object of prejudice.
12. Even when people are not aware of their presence, stereotypes serve as an:

•  energy saving tactic. 
 •  attitude formation tactic. 
  •  impression formation tactic. 
   •  effective-cognitive evaluation tactic.

                             Social Psychology
                               Robert C. Gates