Ψ Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 13. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. In a non-zero-sum game,
2. Conflict is defined as
3. In playing the Prisoners’ Dilemma, you would personally obtain the best deal on any given trial if you ________ & the other person _________ .
4. In the Tragedy of the Commons, the “commons” refers to
disputed border territory.
any shared & limited resource.
private property that repeatedly changes ownership.
5. In both the Prisoners’ Dilemma & the Tragedy of the Commons, people are tempted to explain their own behavior ____________ & others’ behavior ____________.
6. The smaller the commons, the more
responsibility each person feels for it.
apathetic people are about its preservation.
intense the conflict among individual members.
the more likely communication will take the form of intimidation & deception.
7. Equity exists when
partners share equally in the rewards of collective effort.
rewards are distributed in proportion to individuals’ contributions.
rewards are distributed in relation to individuals’ needs or deservingness.
group members decide among themselves how rewards are to be distributed.
8. Research indicates that the more people value their inputs, the more likely they are to
feel incompetent & unworthy.
tolerate exploitation from others without any retaliation.
feel that a given outcome from a relationship is sufficient.
feel under benefited in a relationship & inclined to retaliate.
9. The reciprocal negative views that parties in conflict often hold of one another are referred to as
10. Giving carpoolers incentives such as reduced tolls is a real-life example of resolving social dilemmas by
11. In a single play of the prisoner's dilemma game, the highest possible individual payoff goes to a player who:
12. Which of the following is not one of the four Cs of peacemaking?
13. The GRIT model can be applied to the reduction of conflict between
all of the above.
14. GRIT advises negotiators to be
poker-faced & stoic.
firm, fair, & friendly.
strong-willed & sober.
soft, smiling, & sympathetic.
15. GRIT strategy is an alternative that best fits into the _____ category of the “four Cs of peacemaking.”
16. Which of the following occurs when conflicted parties seek an agreement through direct negotiation?
17. Teaching technique that suggests forming academically & racially diverse groups, with each member of the group becoming an expert in one area.
18. This occurs when a neutral third party attempts to facilitate communication and offer suggestions for how to resolve a conflict.
19. When a neutral third party studies the conflict & imposes a settlement, ______ has occurred.
20. Mediators seek to establish _______ agreements that reconcile both parties’ interests to their mutual benefit.
21. Through the use of _______ goals enemies can be made into friends.
Robert C. Gates
Civilization began the first time an angry person cast a word instead of a rock.
- Sigmund Freud