Knowledge will not be acquired without pains and application. It is troublesome and deep digging for pure waters; but when once you come to the spring, they rise up and meet you. -- Felton.


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Self Test Self Test for
 Conflict & Peacemaking

Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 13. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  In a non-zero-sum game,

•  altruistic motives dominate.
 •  both can win and both can lose.
  •  one side wins and the other loses.
   •  one’s gains equals another’s losses.

2.  Conflict is defined as

•  competition for mutually exclusive goals.
 •  dissatisfaction with relationship outcomes.
  •  perceived incompatibility of actions or goals.
   •  hostility that results from frustrating interaction.

3.  In playing the Prisoners’ Dilemma, you would personally obtain the best deal on any given trial if you ________ & the other person _________ .

•  confess; confesses
 •  don’t confess; confesses
  •  confess; doesn’t confess
   •  don’t confess; doesn’t confess

4. In the Tragedy of the Commons, the “commons” refers to

a stolen goods.
b disputed border territory.
c any shared & limited resource.
d private property that repeatedly changes ownership.

5. In both the Prisoners’ Dilemma & the Tragedy of the Commons, people are tempted to explain their own behavior ____________ & others’ behavior ____________.

a situationally; situationally
b situationally; dispositionally
c dispositionally; situationally
d dispositionally; dispositionally

6. The smaller the commons, the more

a responsibility each person feels for it.
b apathetic people are about its preservation.
c intense the conflict among individual members.
d the more likely communication will take the form of intimidation & deception.

7. Equity exists when

a partners share equally in the rewards of collective effort.
b rewards are distributed in proportion to individuals’ contributions.
c rewards are distributed in relation to individuals’ needs or deservingness.
d group members decide among themselves how rewards are to be distributed.

8. Research indicates that the more people value their inputs, the more likely they are to

a feel incompetent & unworthy.
b tolerate exploitation from others without any retaliation.
c feel that a given outcome from a relationship is sufficient.
d feel under benefited in a relationship & inclined to retaliate.

9. The reciprocal negative views that parties in conflict often hold of one another are referred to as

a reciprocal illusions.
b complementary images.
c stereotypic reciprocation.
d mirror-image perceptions.

10. Giving carpoolers incentives such as reduced tolls is a real-life example of resolving social dilemmas by

•  regulation.
 •  changing the payoffs.
  •  appealing to altruistic norms.
   •  decreasing the size of the commons.

11. In a single play of the prisoner's dilemma game, the highest possible individual payoff goes to a player who:

•  competes while the other player competes.
 •  cooperates while the other player competes.
  •  competes while the other player cooperates.
   •  cooperates while the other player also cooperates.

Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

12. Which of the following is not one of the four Cs of peacemaking?

•  contact
 •  correction
  •  conciliation
   •  communication

13. The GRIT model can be applied to the reduction of conflict between

a groups
b nations.
c individuals.
d all of the above.

14. GRIT advises negotiators to be

a poker-faced & stoic.
b firm, fair, & friendly.
c strong-willed & sober.
d soft, smiling, & sympathetic.

15. GRIT strategy is an alternative that best fits into the _____ category of the “four Cs of peacemaking.”

a contact
b conciliation
c cooperation
d consideration
e communication

16. Which of the following occurs when conflicted parties seek an agreement through direct negotiation?

a Mediation
b Arbitration
c Bargaining
d Amelioration

17.  Teaching technique that suggests forming academically & racially diverse groups, with each member of the group becoming an expert in one area.

•  puzzle
 •  jigsaw
  •  nteracting
   •  interlocking

18. This occurs when a neutral third party attempts to facilitate communication and offer suggestions for how to resolve a conflict.

a Mediation
b Arbitration
c Bargaining
d Amelioration

19. When a neutral third party studies the conflict & imposes a settlement, ______ has occurred.

a mediation
b arbitration
c bargaining
d amelioration

20. Mediators seek to establish _______ agreements that reconcile both parties’ interests to their mutual benefit.

a zero-sum
b arbitrated
c integrative
d mirror-image

21. Through the use of _______ goals enemies can be made into friends.

•  contact
 •  bargaining
  •  conciliation
   •  superordinate

•  Link to Print Friendly Version

Social Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

New  Civilization began the first time an angry person cast a word instead of a rock.

- Sigmund Freud