Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Module 25 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect be included on the final. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. Which of the following topics would be most likely studied by a social psychologist?
sexism, attribution, obedience, attitudes
2. Forming impressions & making judgments about the traits of others is called:
3. Stereotypes are widely held beliefs that people have certain traits because:
4. Prejudice is to discrimination as:
5. Stereotypes can best be described as
6. Schemas are:
attitudes resulting in prejudice and discrimination
7. Which of the following statements concerning a schema is not accurate?
8. An attribution is a(n):
9. The covariation principle says that in deciding between dispositional & situational explanations, we should look for three factors:
10. In explaining a friend’s behavior, you decide that there is high consistency, low distinctiveness, & low consensus. You are most likely to make a(n) _______ attribution
11. According to the cognitive miser model, people conserve time & energy in making attributions by:
12. The tendency to overestimate the importance of dispositional factors & underestimate the importance of situational ones is known as:
13. The actor-observer effect suggests that, as actors, we attribute our behaviors to _________, but, as observers, we attribute others’ behavior to ____________.
14. "When I beat my average shooting score, I attribute it to my skill, but if I score below my average, I blame it on the gun sight." This is an example of the:
15. In order to convince a freshman that academic problems can be overcome, a teacher must get the freshman to:
attribute problems to innate abilities
16. Any belief that includes a positive or negative evaluation of some target which predisposes us to act in certain ways toward the target can be defined as a(n):
17. Which of the following is not a component of an attitude?
18. With regard to attitudes: cognitive component is to _______ as affective component is to ________.
19. Attitudes can serve 3 functions. Which of the following is not one of them?
20. The state of unpleasant psychological tension that motivates people to reduce our inconsistencies and return to a more consistent state is referred to as:
21. When a person takes a public position that is different from their private belief, they are engaging in ___________ behavior.
22. Self-perception theory suggests that we:
strive to reduce inconsistencies between our attitudes & behavior
23. Central routes for persuasion generally work on the __________, whereas peripheral routes for persuasion work primarily on the ___________.
24. If an audience is known to be initially opposed to a persuasive message, which of the following types of communication will be most effective in changing the audience’s attitudes?
25. “A behavior performed because of group pressure even though that pressure involves no direct requests” is the definition of:
26. According to the decision-stage model of helping, most people don’t help other who are in trouble because they don’t:
27. Which theory proposes that we join groups to be able to measure the correctness of our attitudes & beliefs?
28. Which of the following is associated with a greater likelihood of taking on an antisocial role?
29. What does deindividuation provide an individual in a crowd?
30. Which statement is most related to the diffusion of responsibility theory?
31. Ingroup is to outgroup as ________ is to _________.
32. In groupthink, the decision is _______ than ______.
33. The frustration-aggression hypothesis was modified because of research which indicated that:
34. The majority of rapes are committed by:
35. The study & understanding of temperament / personality belongs in the
36. When we make the "fundamental attribution error" we blame somebody’s misfortunes on
Robert C. Gates
The Grape that can with Logic absolute