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- Social Psychology -


Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Module 25 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect be included on the final. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. Which of the following topics would be most likely studied by a social psychologist?

a sexism, attribution, obedience, attitudes
b unconditional positive regard, hypnotic amnesia
c systematic desensitization, UCR, dieting, superego
d formal operations, Korsakoff’s syndrome, fight-or-flight response

2. Forming impressions & making judgments about the traits of others is called:

a social reasoning
b person perception
c social facilitation
d person polarization

3. Stereotypes are widely held beliefs that people have certain traits because:

a of their observable behavior
b they hold utilitarian attitudes
c they belong to a particular group
d of the fundamental attribution error

4. Prejudice is to discrimination as:

a attitude is to behavior
b attribution is to schema
c schema is to stereotype
d underestimation is to overestimation

5. Stereotypes can best be described as

a cognitive tools
b beliefs validated by fact
c the effects of aggression
d examples of misplaced attributions

6. Schemas are:

a attitudes resulting in prejudice and discrimination
b errors in attribution caused by cognitive dissonance
c mental categories representing an organized collection of knowledge
d factors that co-vary with the behavior we are trying to explain

7. Which of the following statements concerning a schema is not accurate?

a Schemas persist.
b Schemas change easily.
c Information supporting a schema is attended to.
d Information inconsistent with a schema is discounted.

8. An attribution is a(n):

a belief
b attitude
c stereotype
d explanation

9. The covariation principle says that in deciding between dispositional & situational explanations, we should look for three factors:

a person, role, and event schemas
b stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination
c consensus, consistency, and distinctiveness
d behavioral, affective, and cognitive components

10. In explaining a friend’s behavior, you decide that there is high consistency, low distinctiveness, & low consensus. You are most likely to make a(n) _______ attribution

a external
b internal
c situational
d fundamental

11. According to the cognitive miser model, people conserve time & energy in making attributions by:

a forming utilitarian attitudes
b taking cognitive shortcuts
c basing judgments on schemas
d using the peripheral route for persuasion

12. The tendency to overestimate the importance of dispositional factors & underestimate the importance of situational ones is known as:

a prejudice
b stereotyping
c schema-driven processing
d fundamental attribution error

13. The actor-observer effect suggests that, as actors, we attribute our behaviors to _________, but, as observers, we attribute others’ behavior to ____________.

a motivation; conformity
b consensus; consistency
c self-schema; event schema
d the situation; their disposition

14. "When I beat my average shooting score, I attribute it to my skill, but if I score below my average, I blame it on the gun sight." This is an example of the:

a self-serving bias
b covariation principle
c actor-observer effect
d fundamental attribution error

15. In order to convince a freshman that academic problems can be overcome, a teacher must get the freshman to:

a attribute problems to innate abilities
b attribute problems to temporary factors
c believe that college success is attributable in part to good luck
d let the instructor assume responsibility for the student’s success for a while

16. Any belief that includes a positive or negative evaluation of some target which predisposes us to act in certain ways toward the target can be defined as a(n):

a schema
b attitude
c stereotype
d attribution

17. Which of the following is not a component of an attitude?

a genetic
b affective
c cognitive
d behavioral

18. With regard to attitudes: cognitive component is to _______ as affective component is to ________.

a beliefs; actions
b behavior; actions
c emotions; feelings
d thoughts; emotions

19. Attitudes can serve 3 functions. Which of the following is not one of them?

a adjust
b interpret
c evaluate
d predispose

20. The state of unpleasant psychological tension that motivates people to reduce our inconsistencies and return to a more consistent state is referred to as:

a prejudice
b attribution
c cognitive dissonance
d the self-serving bias

21. When a person takes a public position that is different from their private belief, they are engaging in ___________ behavior.

a synergic
b persuasive
c oppositional
d counterattitudinal

22. Self-perception theory suggests that we:

a strive to reduce inconsistencies between our attitudes & behavior
b observe our own behavior and then infer attitudes from the behavior
c feel motivated to conserve time and effort by taking cognitive shortcuts
d attempt to control and regulate the information that we present to others

23. Central routes for persuasion generally work on the __________, whereas peripheral routes for persuasion work primarily on the ___________.

a disposition; situation
b person schema; role schema
c cognitive component; affective component
d fundamental attribution error; self-serving bias

24. If an audience is known to be initially opposed to a persuasive message, which of the following types of communication will be most effective in changing the audience’s attitudes?

a a one-sided message
b a two-sided message
c a fear-inducing message
d a message from a non-credible source

25. “A behavior performed because of group pressure even though that pressure involves no direct requests” is the definition of:

a obedience
b conformity
c compliance
d consistency

26. According to the decision-stage model of helping, most people don’t help other who are in trouble because they don’t:

a notice the situation
b carry out the assistance
c choose a form of assistance
d assume personal responsibility

27. Which theory proposes that we join groups to be able to measure the correctness of our attitudes & beliefs?

a attribution theory
b social comparison theory
c Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
d informational influence theory

28. Which of the following is associated with a greater likelihood of taking on an antisocial role?

a altruism
b social facilitation
c deindividuation
d informational influence

29. What does deindividuation provide an individual in a crowd?

a anonymity
b motivation
c an identity
d social inhibition

30. Which statement is most related to the diffusion of responsibility theory?

a “Someone else will probably help.”
b “How are these other people reacting?”
c “That individual is a legitimate authority figure.”
d “It seems whenever I am with others I do a lot better.”

31. Ingroup is to outgroup as ________ is to _________.

a us; them
b them; us
c conservative; liberal
d difference; similarity

32. In groupthink, the decision is _______ than ______.

a more important; reaching agreement
b more important; having a spirited debate
c less important; reaching agreement
d less important; having a spirited debate

33. The frustration-aggression hypothesis was modified because of research which indicated that:

a aggression is genetic
b cognitive factors can override aggression
c aggression is an innate, biological phenomenon
d people always respond to frustration with aggression

34. The majority of rapes are committed by:

a anger rapists
b power rapists
c sadistic rapists
d rapists out to physically hurt someone

35. The study & understanding of temperament / personality belongs in the

a physical domain.
b biosocial domain.
c cognitive domain.
d psychosocial domain.

36. When we make the "fundamental attribution error" we blame somebody’s misfortunes on

a ourselves.
b an evil leader.
c historical factors.
d their personal qualities.
d factors beyond their control.

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General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
 
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

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The Two-and-Seventy jarring Sects confute:
The sovereign Alchemist that in a trice
Life's leaden metal into Gold transmute:
 
New from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam