Ψ Practice Test for
The Biological Perspective
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Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. In the structure of the neuron, the __________
receives messages from other cells.
2. Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells
generate a fatty substance known as
3. Which of the following insulates and protects a
neuron's axon as well as helps to speed along electrical impulses?
4. When a neuron is in the resting potential state, the neuron is
negatively charged on the _________ and positively charged on the _________.
5. Which neurotransmitter stimulates muscle cells to contract but slows contractions of the heart?
6. If a neuron lacked dendrites, theoretically it could _______, but not _________ .
7. Heroin mimics the actions of endorphins,
inhibiting pain signals and creating a "high" feeling. Heroin is an example of a(an)
8. Linda is writing a paper on the function of the myelin sheath. Which of the following is the best title for her paper?
9. Involuntary muscles are controlled by the __________ nervous system.
10. As you take notes, your heart beats at a normal rate. Your breathing is normal and your stomach slowly digests your earlier meal. What division of the nervous system is currently in action?
11. Robert has had difficulty sleeping for the past 6 months and his body seemingly no longer differentiates between night and day. His doctor believes the problem lies with Robert's endocrine system. What gland will Robert's physician focus on?
12. Which gland(s) is/are known to influence all the other glands within the endocrine system?
13. The effect of a neurotransmitter on an adjacent neuron, muscle, or organ is:
14. Endorphins are secreted when we are
15. Neurons that carry information from the senses to the spinal cord are called __________ neurons.
16. Sympathetic is to arouse as parasympathetic is to ______.
17. Which one of the following is not included in the peripheral nervous system?
18. Baily is in a study on memory and problem solving. The researcher is
applying magnetic pulses to her brain through copper wire coils positioned
directly above her scalp. Bailey's study would best be described as a(an)
19. Which technique of
studying the brain involves injecting radioactive glucose.
20. Maria often sleeps soundly and
rarely awakens to any outside noise. However, the cries of Maria's baby can awaken her
immediately. What part of the brain is responsible for this reaction?
21. You’re looking at a book entitled Your Autonomic Nervous System. One of the chapter titles is really confusing based upon your knowledge of the autonomic nervous system. Which chapter seems to not fit your knowledge?
22. Alexis and Theresa are
synchronized swimmers for their college swim team. They often work long hours to ensure the movements in their routines are perfectly timed. What part of their brains must Alexis and Theresa rely on?
23. MRI scan is to PET scan as ________ is to ________.
24. The somatic nervous system
25. Your psychology professor refers to this as the great relay station of the brain. What part is she referring to?
26. Which part of the brain is
involved in the creation of memories and is often linked with Alzheimer's disease?
27. Jessica has suffered a severe blow to the back of her head when she was thrown from her horse. Subsequently, her occipital lobe has been injured. Which of her senses has the highest chance of being affected?
28. During the game show "Jeopardy," the host says the answer, “the temporal lobe.” Which of the following is the best question?
29. Jaime's grandfather recently suffered a stroke and has had difficulty with language production ever since. Most likely, he has
experienced damage to the ____________ area of his brain.
30. The strip of the cortex in the frontal lobe that is involved in the initiation of all voluntary movements is called
is recovering from a brain injury. She is able to speak fluently but often uses incorrect words in a sentence. In one instance at a friend's birthday party, she said "I would like something to drink. Can iI have some battery?" Felicia's problem is known as
32. Although the brain works
largely as a whole, which of the following is not a correct pairing of hemisphere and function?
33. What part of the brain can sometimes be
referred to as the "rind" or outer covering?
34. The ability to detect changes in temperature, pressure, and body position is due in part to the functions of the ________ lobe.
35. Yvonne's ability to reach for and pick up her book is
largely due to the __________ pathway of the _________ nervous system.
Robert C. Gates
My candle burns at both ends;
It will not last the night;
But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends--
It gives a lovely light!
- Edna St. Vincent Millay