Theories of School-Age Development
Ψ Freud: Psychosexual development is in a period of latency.
Ψ Erickson: The developmental task is resolving the crisis between Industry (master cultural values) vs. Inferiority.
Ψ Developmentalists are concerned with the acquisition of
• new skills (learning theory).
• self understanding (cognitive).
• social awareness (socialcultural).
Ψ Epigenetic systems: Responding to genetic mechanisms, the maturing brain & body produce
• greater intellectual focus (selective attention).
• rationality (concrete operational thought).
• physical hardiness (slowed growth & increased strength).
• motor skill.
Ψ A reality that is universal: Age 6 is the the time for more independence & responsibility.
Ψ The emotional development of school-age children depends on advances in social cognition (understanding the social world).
Ψ understand the motivation behind & the origin of various behaviors.
Ψ can analyze the future impact of whatever action a person might take.
Ψ recognize personality traits & use them to predict a person's future reactions.
Ψ They can focus on motives, feelings, & social consequences.