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Ψ  Practice Test for Motivation

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Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. A psychological or physiological factor that causes humans to act in a specific way at a particular time is called:

a motivation
b instinct
c energy
d drive

2. When we are motivated, we typically show 3 characteristics. Which of the following is not one of the 3 characteristics?

a energized to do something
b directed to reach a specific goal
c increased arousal after reaching a specific goal
d different intensities of feelings about reaching a specific goal

3. The concept of instinct has been replaced with the idea of:

a intrinsic motives
b extrinsic motives
c fixed action patterns
d homeostatic mechanisms

4. Brain scans have revealed a new source of motivation, the:

a instinct
b incentive
c fixed action pattern
d reward/pleasure center

5. An incentive is __________, whereas needs are _________.

a external; internal
b a biological need; social needs
c a fixed action pattern; instinctual
d a safety need; self-actualization needs

6. Beliefs, expectations, and goals are important concepts in which of the following theories of motivation?

a instinct theory
b cognitive theory
c self-actualization
d drive-reduction theory

7. Intrinsic is to _______ as extrinsic is to _________.

a instinct; social
b internal; external
c biological; internal
d biological; psychological

8. Which of the following arranges Maslow’s needs in the correct ascending order?

a belongingness, self-actualization, physiological, safety, esteem
b physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, self-actualization
c safety, esteem, physiological, self-actualization, belongingness
d self-actualization, physiological, esteem, belongingness, safety

9. To be achieving, competent & to gain approval & recognition from others is to reach the _______ level of Maslow’s hierarchy.

a self-actualization
b love & belonging
c esteem
d safety

10. The “when”, “where”, and “how much” we eat are influenced by three factors. Which of the following is not among the three factors?

a genetic hunger factors
b cognitive hunger factors
c biological hunger factors
d psychosocial hunger factors

11. Peripheral cues for hunger come from ______, whereas central cues come from _______.

a body image; actual weight
b the hypothalamus; hormones
c digestive organs; the brain
d learning; experience

12. The start eating center in the hypothalamus is the ________. The stop eating center is the __________.

a CCK, PYY, & stomach
b lateral hypothalamus; anterior hyperphagia
c hyperphagia; hypophagia
d lateral hypothalamus; ventromedial hypothalamus

13. What is the idea behind Maslow's famous pyramid?

a to preserve Maslow's theory forever
b as one takes care of basic needs, the "higher needs" become more relevant
c the road to enlightenment consists of many small steps
d it was a sort of temple or meeting place for his students
e it showed the 3 factors underlying self-actualization, one on each corner

14. ______ refers to a certain level of body fat that the body strives to maintain constant throughout our lives.

a Setpoint
b Breakpoint
c Weightpoint
d Homeostasis

15. The result of a sperm fertilizing an egg is called a _____.

b fetus
c zygote
d chromosome

16. Male sex hormones are to female sex hormones as ______ are to ______.

a ovaries; testes
b androgens; estrogens
c estrogens; androgens
d testosterone; androgens

17. When we learn traditional behaviors, attitudes, and personality traits that our society regards as masculine or feminine, we have acquired:

a gender roles
b gender labels
c gender markers
d gender identities

18. If you argue that genetic/biological factors and psychological factors influence the development of sexual orientation, you adhere to the:

a Home-hetero likelihood model
b Kinsey theory of sexual arousal
c interactive model of sexual orientation
d Masters & Johnson's model of sexual response

19. Which of the following behaviors is justified by the evolutionary theory?

a transsexual orientation
b homosexual orientation
c adherence to gender role expectations
d the double standard for sexual behavior

20. With regard to homosexuality, the American Psychiatric Association, American Psychological Association & American Medical Association have indicated that:

a homosexuality is superior to the heterosexual lifestyle
b homosexuals experience higher rates of depression
c homosexuality is within the range of normal sexual behavior
d homosexuality is outside the range of normal sexual behavior

21. Which one of the following is the correct order of human sexual response?

a plateau – excitement – orgasm – resolution
b excitement – plateau – orgasm – resolution
c excitement – orgasm – plateau – resolution
d orgasm – excitement – resolution – plateau

22. The new definition of AIDS is:

a having HIV antibodies
b having HIV antibodies and a level of T-cells below 200
c having HIV antibodies and engaging in risky behaviors
d having HIV antibodies and at least two infectious diseases

23. Paper-and-pencil tests have replaced the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) as measures of need for achievement because

a the TAT has limited reliability and validity
b paper-and-pencil tests can be self-administered
c need for achievement requires a test of performance
d paper-and-pencil tests are easier to develop

24. Making up excuses for failure is referred to as:

a image defense
b self-attributing
c self-handicapping
d delusional attribution

25. Which of the following extrinsic rewards work to increase intrinsic motivation?

a those that use both positive & negative feedback
b those given for doing minimal work
c those that are perceived as a threat
d those that are unexpected

26. The disorder characterized by an intense fear of fatness & willful starvation resulting in death 20% of the time is called:

a bulimia nervosa
b anorexia nervosa
c obesity syndrome
d self-handicapping compulsion

27. The eating disorder characterized by a minimum of two binge-eating episodes per week for at least three months, and regularly engaging in vomiting is called:

a bulimia nervosa
b anorexia nervosa
c distorted body image
d compulsive overeating

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General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

New Oh, threats of Hell and Hopes of Paradise!
One thing at least is certain---This Life flies;
One thing is certain and the rest is Lies;
The Flower that once has blown for ever dies.
New from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam