Ψ Practice Test for Motivation
Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on a unit exam. The unit exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
3. The concept of instinct has been replaced with the idea of:
fixed action patterns
4. Brain scans have revealed a new source of motivation, the:
fixed action pattern
5. An incentive is __________, whereas needs are _________.
a biological need; social needs
a fixed action pattern; instinctual
a safety need; self-actualization needs
6. Beliefs, expectations, and goals are important concepts in which of the following theories of motivation?
7. Intrinsic is to _______ as extrinsic is to _________.
8. Which of the following arranges Maslow’s needs in the correct ascending order?
belongingness, self-actualization, physiological, safety, esteem
physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, self-actualization
safety, esteem, physiological, self-actualization, belongingness
self-actualization, physiological, esteem, belongingness, safety
9. To be achieving, competent & to gain approval & recognition from others is to reach the _______ level of Maslow’s hierarchy.
love & belonging
10. The “when”, “where”, and “how much” we eat are influenced by three factors. Which of the following is not among the three factors?
genetic hunger factors
cognitive hunger factors
biological hunger factors
psychosocial hunger factors
11. Peripheral cues for hunger come from ______, whereas central cues come from _______.
body image; actual weight
the hypothalamus; hormones
digestive organs; the brain
12. The start eating center in the hypothalamus is the ________. The stop eating center is the __________.
CCK, PYY, & stomach
lateral hypothalamus; anterior hyperphagia
lateral hypothalamus; ventromedial hypothalamus
13. What is the idea behind Maslow's famous pyramid?
to preserve Maslow's theory forever
as one takes care of basic needs, the "higher needs" become more relevant
the road to enlightenment consists of many small steps
it was a sort of temple or meeting place for his students
it showed the 3 factors underlying self-actualization, one on each corner
14. ______ refers to a certain level of body fat that the body strives to maintain constant throughout our lives.
15. The result of a sperm fertilizing an egg is called a _____.
16. Male sex hormones are to female sex hormones as ______ are to ______.
17. When we learn traditional behaviors, attitudes, and personality traits that our society regards as masculine or feminine, we have acquired:
18. If you argue that genetic/biological factors and psychological factors influence the development of sexual orientation, you adhere to the:
Home-hetero likelihood model
Kinsey theory of sexual arousal
interactive model of sexual orientation
Masters & Johnson's model of sexual response
19. Which of the following behaviors is justified by the evolutionary theory?
adherence to gender role expectations
the double standard for sexual behavior
20. With regard to homosexuality, the American Psychiatric Association, American Psychological Association & American Medical Association have indicated that:
homosexuality is superior to the heterosexual lifestyle
homosexuals experience higher rates of depression
homosexuality is within the range of normal sexual behavior
homosexuality is outside the range of normal sexual behavior
21. Which one of the following is the correct order of human sexual response?
plateau – excitement – orgasm – resolution
excitement – plateau – orgasm – resolution
excitement – orgasm – plateau – resolution
orgasm – excitement – resolution – plateau
22. The new definition of AIDS is:
having HIV antibodies
having HIV antibodies and a level of T-cells below 200
having HIV antibodies and engaging in risky behaviors
having HIV antibodies and at least two infectious diseases
23. Paper-and-pencil tests have replaced the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) as measures of need for achievement because
the TAT has limited reliability and validity
paper-and-pencil tests can be self-administered
need for achievement requires a test of performance
paper-and-pencil tests are easier to develop
24. Making up excuses for failure is referred to as:
25. Which of the following extrinsic rewards work to increase intrinsic motivation?
those that use both positive & negative feedback
those given for doing minimal work
those that are perceived as a threat
those that are unexpected
26. The disorder characterized by an intense fear of fatness & willful starvation resulting in death 20% of the time is called:
27. The eating disorder characterized by a minimum of two binge-eating episodes per week for at least three months, and regularly engaging in vomiting is called:
distorted body image
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Robert C. Gates
Oh, threats of Hell and Hopes of Paradise!
One thing at least is certain---This Life flies;
One thing is certain and the rest is Lies;
The Flower that once has blown for ever dies.
from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam