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Link: Practice Test (Print Ready)

Ψ  Practice Test for
Psychological Therapies

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on exams .  Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the practice tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  Cara is going to a therapist to gain a better understanding of why she has self-destructive relationships with all of her friends. This type of therapy is known as __________ therapy.

•  insight
 •  action
  •  behavioral
   •  biomedical

2.  The hidden meaning of a dream is the __________ content,
according to Freud.

•  repressed
 •  latent
  •  manifest
   •  sexual

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

3.  Through the use of __________ a person-centered therapist conveys they are trying
to understand the experience of the person they are working with.

•  reflection
 •  unconditional positive regard
  •  empathy
   •  authenticity

4.  What differentiates motivational interviewing from person-centered therapy?

•  Motivational interviewing has specific goals of reducing ambivalence about change and increasing intrinsic motivation to bring changes about while traditional person-centered therapy does not.
•  Motivation interviewing focuses on unconscious motives while traditional person-centered therapy focuses on the self.
•  Motivation interviewing allows the client to talk about anything they wish while traditional person-centered therapy is more direct.
•  Motivation interviewing is a behavioral therapeutic technique while person-centered therapy is a biomedical therapy.

5.  Which of the following clients would probably get the least benefit from a humanistic therapy?

•  Colin, who is bright but confused about self-image
 •  Cole, who is very talkative and open in discussing feelings
  •  Colleen, who enjoys exploring the inner workings of the mind
   •  Cody, who has a hard time putting thoughts and feelings into words
       in a logical manner

6.  To overcome her fear of balloons, because of the loud sound they might suddenly make should they pop, Bella must sit in a room filled with balloons while the therapist continuously pops each one. After a while, Bella realizes that her fear is unjustified and begins to pop balloons herself. This technique is known as

•  systematic desensitization.
 •  aversion therapy.
  •  flooding.
   •  extinction.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

7.  Megan's daughter Kayla was afraid of dogs. Megan took Kayla to a therapist to help her overcome her fear but was surprised when the therapist brought a dog into the room. At first Kayla was asked to watch from across the room as the therapist showed her how to approach and pet the dog and not grab its tail. Eventually Kayla was asked to come over and mimic the behavior she had observed. After a few sessions, Kayla was no longer fearful of dogs. What technique did the therapist use with Kayla?

•  virtual exposure
 •  aversion therapy
  •  flooding
   •  participant modeling

8.  Maria sat down with her daughter Zoe, and together wrote out a list of things Zoe was expected to do each day and the rewards she would get if she accomplished them, as well as the penalties she would face if she did not do them. This is most like which technique?

•  token economy
 •  time-out
  •  extinction
   •  contingency contracting

9.  For both children and adults, and for many undesirable behaviors, the use of __________ or some form of "time-out" can be quite effective.

•  arbitrary inference
 •  extinction
  •  positive reinforcement
   •  negative reinforcement

10.  Stephan gets a text message from his girlfriend saying that she will have to work overtime tonight. Stephan immediately assumes his girlfriend is seeing someone else at work. Beck would say that Stephan has engaged in what type of distorted thinking?

•  arbitrary inference
 •  selective thinking
  •  overgeneralization
   •  personalization

11.  Devin's wife comes home angry from her job, and he immediately assumes he has done something wrong. Such irrational thinking is an example of

•  overgeneralization.
 •  personalization.
  •  arbitrary inference
   •  selective thinking.

12.  Latanya tends to blow negative events out of proportion to their importance (magnification) while ignoring relevant positive events (minimization). What therapeutic technique may work best to help Latanya?

•  group therapy
 •  virtual therapy
  •  bilateral anterior cingulotomy
   •  rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

13.  Which therapy style requires the therapist to actively confront client's irrational believes?

•  person-centered
 •  frontal lobotomy
  •  rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
   •  cognitive restructuring

14.  Family therapy is a form of group therapy in which

•  non-professionals lead a selected group of family members with similar concerns.
 •  the entire family participates as no one person is seen as a problem.
  •  family member meet to single out the individual that is causing the problem in
      the family dynamic.

    •  psychology professionals treat their own family members.

15.  Dr. Phelps uses an eclectic approach to her work as a therapist, what specifically
is she doing?

•  Dr. Phelps tends to rely on the unconscious as the source for all therapeutic treatments.
 •  Dr. Phelps tends to rely on the behavioral approach in the treatment of her clients.
  •  Dr. Phelps uses only the newest and most innovative treatment of her clients.
   •  Dr. Phelps uses one, or a combination, of any number of therapeutic treatments
       depending on the situation.

16.  With regard to treatment of psychological disorders, many psychological professionals believe medications work best in combination with

•  electroconvulsive therapy.
 •  psychotherapy.
  •  psychosurgery.
   •  deep brain stimulation.

17.  Typical antipsychotic drugs work by blocking what neurotransmitter?

•  norepinephrine
 •  serotonin
  •  dopamine
   •  epinephrine

18.  Bradley has been on an antipsychotic drug for many years to control his schizophrenia. He has developed repetitive, involuntary jerks and movements of the face, lips, legs, and body. These side effects make up a syndrome known as

•  the "Thorazine shuffle."
 •  neurolepsis.
  •  tardive dsykinesia.
   •  psychotic syndrome.

19.  As part of the medical treatment trail she is participating in for severe and suicidal depression, Kierra was given ___________, which is being investigated due to its seemingly immediate, although short-term effects.

•  ketamine
 •  lithium
  •  valproic acid
   •  paroxetine

20.  In bilateral anterior cingulotomy

•  the front of the brain is cut away from the back.
 •  a thin wire electrode is used to destroy a small area of brain tissue.
  •  an electric shock is used to stimulate certain areas of the brain.
   •  a drug is injected into the brain to destroy a large area of brain tissue.

•  Go to the print friendly version of this practice test.

General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

NewStrange, is it not? that of the myriads who
Before us pass'd the door of Darkness through
Not one returns to tell us of the Road,
Which to discover we must travel too.
- Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam