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Ψ  Practice Test for
Psychological Therapies

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1. John B. Watson’s famous experiment with Little Albert was designed to show that:

a fear of rats is almost natural & may be inborn
b emotional problems can be viewed as learned behavior
c psychological problems affect babies as well as children & adults
d ethical standards of psychological research are much more stringent today

2. Verbal interaction between therapist & client, a supportive relationship, & analysis of the client’s experiences are the three characteristics of:

a transference
b meta-analysis
c psychotherapy
d deinstitutionalization

3. The phenothiazines are effective in reducing schizophrenic symptoms by:

a increasing the effects of dopamine
b reducing the size of brain ventricles
c blocking or reducing the effects of hormones
d blocking or reducing the effects of dopamine

4. The discovery of antipsychotic drugs led directly to:

a reinstitutionalization
b deinstitutionalization
c the reform movement
d the community mental health center

5. An eclectic approach to psychotherapy involves using techniques that are:

a unique to a particular therapist
b beneficial to a small number of patients only
c borrowed from a number of different approaches
d determined by the personality of a particular therapist

6. Meta-analysis is a procedure used to:

a determine the effectiveness of some treatment across many studies
b help the patient become aware of & understand the causes of
       his or her problem

c identify which mental patients should be deinstitutionalized, & which
       should not

d gradually expose a patient to a feared object while simultaneously
       practicing relaxation

7. In a typical therapy session, the role of the analyst illustrates all the following assumptions of psychoanalysis except:

a interpretation
b free association
c unconscious conflicts
d schedules of reinforcement

8. Freud believed that ________ represented the purest form of free association.

a dreams
b meta-analysis
c irrational thoughts
d unconscious conflicts

9. Many clients have the temporary experience of falling in love with their therapists. Freud would consider such feelings an example of:

a insight
b resistance
c transference
d free association

10. Which of the following is an example of resistance?

a explaining irrational beliefs
b having a sexually explicit dream
c showing up late for a therapy session
d revealing unconscious thoughts during free association

11. Of the following Freudian concepts, which has been tested & found to be valid?

a defense mechanism
b id as source of energy
c basic drives limited to sex & aggression
d role of the Oedipus complex in personality development

12. The central assumption of Carl Rogers’ client-centered therapy is that:

a therapy should focus on real behavior, not vague thoughts & feelings
b we must struggle to overcome our basic human selfishness & hostility
c psychotherapy must be freely available in community mental health centers
d each person has the tendency & capacity to develop to his or her full potential

13. Which of the following is not one of the three therapist characteristics that Rogers believed would facilitate change in clients?

a direct
b empathy
c genuineness
d positive regard

14. In his cognitive therapy, Beck attempts to make clients aware of:

a the importance of education in the contemporary world
b how much better they could be if they would just “think about it”
c adaptive thought patterns like open-mindedness, acceptance, love,
       & will power

d maladaptive thought patterns like overgeneralization, polarized thinking,
       & selective attention

15. Which of the following mental disorders is most effectively treated by cognitive therapy?

a depression
b paranoid schizophrenia
c antisocial personality disorder
d borderline personality disorder

16. Behavior therapy or behavior modification differs from the insight therapies in that the therapist:

a encourages the client to free-associate
b repeats or reflects what the client says
c identifies the specific problem & discusses a program for change
d discusses the client’s tendency to automatically think negative thoughts

17. Systematic desensitization involves a step approach. Which of the following is not among the steps?

a exposure
b relaxation training
c awareness of negative thoughts
d stimulus hierarchy construction

18. In systematic desensitization, when the client is gradually exposed to the actual situations that are feared, this is called:

a in vivo exposure
b in vitro exposure
c en passe exposure
d realistic desensitization

19. What approach to therapy focuses on changing thought patterns by learning new skills?

a psychoanalysis
b systematic desensitization
c cognitive-behavior therapy
d short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy

20. According to research, _______ is the most effective form of treatment for most disorders.

a behavior therapy
b psychodynamic treatment
c cognitive-behavior therapy
d there is very little difference in effectiveness among the treatments

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General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

New Ah Love! could you and I with Him conspire
To grasp this sorry Scheme of Things entire,
Would not we shatter it to bits---and then
Re-mould it nearer to the Heart's Desire!
New from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam