Knowledge will not be acquired without pains and application. It is troublesome and deep digging for pure waters; but when once you come to the spring, they rise up and meet you. -- Felton.


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Ψ  Practice Test for
Psychology & Science

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Module 2 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. Ritalin is to _________ as aspirin is to __________.

a depression; headache
b stimulant; depressant
c analgesic; amphetamine
d attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; headache

2. Which of the following is not a commonly used method for answering

a survey
b experiment
c case study
d introspection

3. Kyle wants to accurately assess students’ attitudes toward the cafeteria food on his college campus for his psychology research project. What research method should he use to collect this information?

a case study
b survey method
c experimental method
d laboratory observation

4. You are conducting a survey on racism. You have a group of well- trained assistants, about half white, half African American. Should you keep track of which subjects are questioned by white assistants and which by African Americans assistants?

a No - you might offend your assistants
b No - ethnicity has no effect one way or the other
c Yes - ethnicity of assistant may affect subjects' answers
d Yes - ethnicity of assistant may affect their ability to accurately
       record subjects' answers

5. What research method can be described as an in-depth analysis of a single person?

a case study
b correlation
c survey method
d experimental method

6. Of the following, which best relates to a case study?

a a shopping list
b the telephone book
c your medical records
d a psychology textbook

7. The observation that testimonials of parents concerning ADHD children contradict studies done by researchers suggests that:

a researchers used confounded research designs
b errors and bias make testimonials questionable
c parents know more than researchers about their children
d research studies conducted with children are often poorly designed

8. Placebo effects may occur because of

a a self-fulfilling prophecy.
b powerful correlations.
c a distrust of medicine.
d a distrust of science.

9. Correlation is used to:

a prove theories.
b explain how one variable causes another variable.
c describe a relationship between two or more variables.
d show the effect that one variable has on another variable.

10. A number that describes the strength of a relationship between events is called a(n) ____________; it can range between _______.

a average; .00 and +1.00
b mean coefficient; 0.00 and +1.00
c average correlation; 0.00 and +10.00
d correlation coefficient; -1.00 and +1.00

11. Select one of the following statements about methods that is incorrect.

a A case study provides information about one person.
b A correlation shows us cause and effect relationships.
c The experiment suggests cause and effect relationships.
d A survey gives us information about a large number of people.

12. Correlations are not appropriate to ___________ but are useful to ________.

a evaluate testimonials; evaluate surveys
b predict behavior; make cause and effect statements
c make cause & effect statements; pinpoint confounding effects
d make cause & effect statements; make predictions about behavior

13. If a researcher wants to study a behavior in a controlled environment, the researcher should utilize a(n):

•  case study.
 •  testimonial.
  •  naturalistic study.
   •  laboratory experiment.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

14. If you are conducting an experiment in a naturalistic setting, which of the following will you avoid?

a using a large city as the experimental setting
b trying to observe the organisms’ behavior
c attempting to change or control the situation
d watching the organisms in their own environment

15. Information obtained in ______ is unique to an individual and may not apply to or help understand the behaviors of others.

a a case study
b an animal model
c a laboratory setting
d standardized testing

16. Ed has conducted a study in a laboratory setting and is currently preparing a presentation describing his research. Which of the following is the most likely criticism he will receive about his research setting.

a He did random selection of his subjects
b The dependent variable was measured instead of manipulated.
c The setting is too controlled and the results may not apply to
       real-life situations.

d Bias was introduced because he used a setting where he had little control
       over extraneous variables.

17. What words are most illustrative of experiments?

a cause, effect
b relationship, test
c individual, unique
d predicting, correlation

18. Among the following, which is the best hypothesis?

a Taking an aspirin a day helps keep the doctor away
b Often times, people will go out of their way to help others
c Children who watch a lot of television will be more aggressive
d Students who review their notes each night for one hour will score
      significantly higher on the next day’s quiz than students who
      do not review their notes

19. Manipulated is to measured as ________ is to ________.

a effect; cause
b case study; placebo
c independent variable; dependent variable
d dependent variable; independent variable

20. With regard to a subject’s answers or behavior in an experiment, psychologists take seriously the subject’s right to:

a free speech
b privacy and confidentiality
c explain their answers and behavior
d question the validity of the experiment

21. A perfect positive correlation is to always as a prefect negative correlation is to ____________.

a never
b maybe
c forever
d sometimes

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General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

New "Wisdom begins in wonder" - Socrates