Ψ Practice Test for
Cognition: thinking, intelligence,
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describes System 1 process as
2. Research suggests we engage mental images in our mind __________ the way we engage or interact with physical objects.
3. A psychologist asks people to envision a circle. Next he asks them to draw the circle they envisioned. When comparing the pictures almost all the circles look identical. The fact that a circle typically fits a
specific and rigid set of rules is an example of a
4. Trail and error is sometimes referred to as a(n)
5. A rule of thumb that is derived from experience and used in decision making and problem solving, even though there is no guarantee of its accuracy or
usefulness is a(n)
6. The tendency to apply a familiar strategy to the solution of a problem without carefully considering the special requirements of that problem is a(n)
7. John and Karen bought a new house with an unfinished basement. To determine how they want to finish it, they lay down tape on the floor showing where the walls will go and rooms will be. This process of problem solving is known as
8. One day at work, Pauline's earing fell on the floor and she was unable to find the back. To keep from losing her earing, Pauline reinserted it and used part of a pencil eraser to keep her earing in place. Using a pencil eraser as a temporary earing back showed that Pauline overcame
9. _________________ are concepts that people form not as a result of the application of strict rules, but as the result of their experiences with concepts in the real world.
10. ____________ is the method of problem solving in which a person uses a “rule of thumb” or a simple rule or principle to solve a problem that they may apply to many situations.
11. Which of the following questions would be more likely to produce divergent thinking?
12. The process of stimulating divergent thinking that involves starting with a central idea (e.g., animals) and drawing lines to other related ideas (e.g., bird, horse) to form a mental image of the concepts and their connections is called_____________________.
13. Which type of intelligence, according to Howard Gardner, would most
likely be present in farmers, landscapers, and biologists?
14. According to Sternburg, "book smarts" is another way of talking about which kind of intelligence?
15. According to Gardner’s multiple intelligence theory,
____________ intelligence consists of the ability to see the “big picture” of the world by asking questions about life, death, and other major issues.
16. Which of the following tests came first?
17. Dr Davenport gives all her
classes 45 minutes to complete their psychology test regardless of if the class meets for 50 minutes, 75 minutes, or even 3 hours. Such a technique ensures test
18. In contrast to comparing mental age to chronological age, most modern tests of intelligence use __________.
19. The goal of all test developers is to __________ cultural bias in their intelligence tests.
20. ______________ refers to the degree to which a test actually measures what it is supposed to measure.
21. Dr. Miller works with children who grew up in poor socioeconomic conditions. Many of her clients come from homes that do not emphasize education or social involvement, and opportunities for advancement are practically nonexistent. Many are malnourished, have been exposed to a variety of environmental toxins, and have multiple infections without adequate or timely health care. What might these children be at risk for?
22. Dr. Thomas has found that William, her patient, has a defect in a gene on the X chromosome of his 23rd pair, which has resulted in a deficiency of a protein needed for William's brain development. William most likely suffers from
23. All of the following are potential causes of mental retardation EXCEPT
24. In Terman's study of gived children, mental health issues and relationship problems only occurred in those with IQs of
25. At an IQ ranging from 40-55, a person
26. What may be the best predictor of why some people do not excel in school but essentially succeed in their life and career choices?
27. What does the Flynn effect theorize?
28. Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf theorized that __________, a concept reflected in their linguistic relativity hypothesis.
29. Cognitive universalism tends to __________ the linguistic relativity hypothesis.
30. _______________ involves knowing things like how to take turns in a conversation, the use of gestures to emphasize a point, and the different ways that one speaks to different people.
Robert C. Gates
The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is 'What does a woman want?'
- Sigmund Freud