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 Practice Test for
Adulthood:Cognitive Development


Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 21. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam seven. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. The idea that intelligence is a single entity has been

•  suggested only recently.
 •  supported by Gardner & Sternberg.
  •  contradicted by Spearman's "g" factor.
   •  implied by tests that result in an overall IQ.

2. There are more than ____ different intellectual abilities that can be measured by currently available tests.

•  8
 •  21
  •  53
   •  70

3.  Fluid intelligence includes

•  the size of one's science vocabulary.
 •  an accumulation of facts about geography.
  •  the ability to recognize & name famous paintings.
   •  the speed of processing mathematical information.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

4.  To test fluid intelligence, which would be least likely measured?

•  abstract thinking
 •  inductive reasoning
  •  technical word definition
   •  the timed assembly of a puzzle

5.  The ability most likely to involve crystallized intelligence is

•  interpreting a chemical formula.
 •  solving an intellectual puzzle.
  •  unusual creativity with words.
   •  understanding relations between concepts.

6. Which characterizes crystallized intelligence?

a it thrives in low levels of stimulation.
b it's structures are overlapping and interconnected.
c losses cannot be compensated.
d decreases are found in people as young as 30.

7. On the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, verbal IQ ______
     throughout adulthood.

a increases slightly
b decreases dramatically
c remains in an average range
d increase dramatically

8. Analytic intelligence is particularly valued in

a early adulthood.
b early middle age.
c late adulthood.
d late middle age.

9. Creative thinking requires

a adaptive thinking.
b divergent thinking.
c convergent thinking.
d practical thinking.

10. Which of Stenburg's 3 aspects of intelligence could be
      called "street smarts"?

a general
b creative
c practical
d analytic

11. When adults are evaluated on finding effective solutions,
      practical intelligence

a is stronger in young adults.
b is stronger in people with low IQs.
c is not related to traditional intelligence.
d increases throughout most of the adult years.

12. Who described eight distinct intelligences, each with its own network in the brain?

a Gardner
b Cattel
c Spearman
d Salthouse

13. Of the following intelligences, which is least valued by middle aged adults?

a self-understanding
b linguistic
c kinesthetic
d spatial

14. Early studies of adult intelligence led to the false conclusion
      that intelligence

a is most significantly affected by experience, such as war trauma.
b is plastic and variable, and may either decrease or increase.
c increases slowly during the 20s & early 30s, and decline thereafter.
d peaks at ~18, remains stable until the mid 20s, and declines thereafter.

15. Research that analyzes the cognitive development of the same individuals over the years is called

a longitudinal.
b cross-sectional.
c representative.
d sequential.

16. Schaie's case studies indicated that

a retirement signals a decrease in performance.
b intelligence is stable throughout adulthood.
c women uniformly outperform men.
d intellectual growth is affected by the unique experiences of adult life.

17. For a typical middle-aged adult intelligence increases

a in all areas throughout adulthood.
b in the specific area that reflect his or her interest.
c only in areas associated with work and employment.
d in all areas in which the individual gains experience.

18. In his or her area, an expert is more likely than a novice to

a rely on formal procedures to solve a problem.
b experiment or deviate from the usual way of doing things.
c give conscious attention to all aspects of performance.
d verbalize exactly how results are achieved.

19. The importance of leisure time is that it provides

a a time of rest for a person as they age.
b a means of assessing medical problems.
c a way to fill time after a person retires.
d psychological distance necessary for making effective decisions.

20. In the poem about life in middle age the word triage means

a learning new things.
b keeping up with old friends.
c determining what is important.
d not worrying about your losses.

21.  Which of the folowing Stemberg intelligences would be least valued in a culture that does not consider dance & the visual arts to be of value?

•  analytic
 •  creative
  •  practical
   •  naturalistic

22.  Selective optimization with compensation

•  applies to every aspect of life.
 •  requires seeking to maximize gains & minimize losses.
  •  means that as we age each person should select aspects of intelligence to optimize & neglect.
   •  all of these are applicable to the concept of selective optimization with compensation.

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Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     Religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires.

- Sigmund Freud