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Late Adulthood: Cognitive Development

Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 24 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam eight. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. In late adulthood, as measured by traditional tests of intelligence

•  cognitive abilities decline.
 •  cognitive abilities remain stable.
  •  cognitive abilities continue to increase.
   •  some cognitive abilities increase & others decline.

2. When Schaie tested adults on all 5 primary mental abilities, the average scores after age 60

a declined in only two areas.
b showed no change until age 75.
c remained the same as at age 50.
d showed significant decline.

3. In Schaie's Seattle Longitudinal Study, cognitive decline was most evident in

a verbal meaning.
b numeric ability.
c spatial orientation.
d inductive reasoning.

4. In later life, variability in intellectual ability from person to person is

a similar to earlier years.
b even greater than in earlier years.
c less apparent than in earlier years.
d the same within every area of cognitive ability.

5. Loss of working memory is particularly likely to affect the ability to

a recognize friends on the street.
b remember public events of the past.
c retain the image of a picture just seen.
d repeat a series of numbers just heard.

6. Which of the following memory components shows the most decline with age?

•  Explicit
 •  Working
  •  Long-term
   •  Knowledge store

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

7. Explicit memory

a is almost impossible to recall verbally.
b includes habits, emotions, and routines.
c involves words, data, and concepts.
d is learned unconsciously.

8. Implicit memory

a is always conscious.
b is easy to recall verbally.
c involves habits & routines.
d is impossible to measure.

9. A study of professionals found that significant production was most likely to peak at older ages for those in

a sociology & psychology.
b math & physics.
c language & literature.
d history & philosophy.

10. Storage mechanisms, retrieval strategies, selective attention, & logical analysis are examples of

a implicit memories.
b explicit memories.
c control processes.
d unconscious processes.

11. Remembering one item makes it quicker & easier to remember other items is called

a priming.
b cognition.
c implicit memory.
d explicit memory.

12. Physiologically, the brain in late adulthood

a produces more neurons when needed.
b develops more extensive connections between neurons.
c loses over twenty percent of weight.
d increases dopamine production.

13. An elderly person wants to prevent cognitive loss. Recommend?

a reduce vitamins C & E
b avoid all medicines
c take some classes
d avoid strenuous exercise

14. Dementia is

a benign forgetfulness.
b a problem only for the elderly.
c pathological loss of brain functioning.
d a problem that affects most of the elderly.

15. The 1st stage of Alzheimer's is characterized by

a absentmindedness about recent events.
b deficits in concentration.
c generalized confusion.
d personality changes.

16. Normal memory loss in late adulthood is called

a Wilson's disease.
b Alzheimer's disease.
c multi-infarct dementia.
d benign senescent forgetfulness.

17. Multi-infarct dementia may be prevented by

a memory exercises.
b regular physical exercise.
c vitamin C
d taking early retirement.

18. Which is NOT a sub cortical dementia?

a multiple sclerosis
b Parkinson's disease
c Huntington's disease
d Pick's disease

19. Which of the following diseases can produce dementia?

a AIDs
b tuberculosis
c pneumonia
d sickle-cell anemia

20. Research on wisdom finds that

a a minority of adults are wise.
b wisdom is more common at 30 than 70.
c most of the elderly are wise.
d wisdom is never found in adults younger than 50.

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Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     "It requires wisdom to understand wisdom: the music is nothing if the audience is deaf."

- Walter Lippman