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decorative star graphic Practice Test for Early Childhood: Biosocial Development


Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 8 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit three. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  In general, the factors that affect growth are

•  appetite & family income.
 •  genetic background, nutrition, & health care.
  •  genetic disorders, social deprivation, & illness.
   •  gender, hormone levels, & nutrition.

2.  Which of the following preschoolers is most likely to be taller than average?

•  Kim, who is Asian
 •  Kyle, who lives high above sea level
  •  Kevin, who is the oldest child in the family
   •  Kurt, who lives in a rural area

3.  Normal age dependent obsessive compulsive behaviors

•  peak at about age three.
 •  are usually gone by middle childhood.
  •  is a rigidity about daily routines a.k.a. "just right" or "just so" phenomenon.
   •  all of the above.

4.  Myelination

•  speeds up the transmission of neural impulses.
 •  connects the two halves of the brain.
  •  compensates for loss of brain function due to injury.
   •  promotes regular childhood sleep patterns.

5.  The corpus callosum

•  digests food.
 •  grows in response to injury.
  •  is a way to measure body fat.
   •  connect the two halves of the brain.

6.  The leading cause of death from age 1 to 10 is

•  cancer.
 •  accidents.
  •  child abuse.
   •  infectious diseases.

7.  The strongest risk factor for death before age 10 in developed nations is

•  nutrition.
 •  health care.
  •  immunization.
   •  socioeconomic status.

8.  Foster care generally means

•  neighborhood support for the family.
 •  that the children are preparing for adoption.
  •  placement in an institution.
   •  removal from the original parents.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

9.  Because of differential response

•  parents abuse their children only under certain circumstances.
 •  child maltreatment cases are not all treated the same.
  •  children are able to leave abusive environments.
   •  intergenerational transmission does not occur.

10.  Secondary prevention always involves

•  stopping the problem before it begins.
 •  getting children out of abusive situations.
  •  responding to the first symptoms of a problem.
   •  removing the second child if the first has been abused.

11.  Two three-year-olds are playing a game of catch. Since neither one has had much experience at playing catch, it can be expected that their throws will use ________ motions and their catches will be ________.

•  flexible; flexible
 •  twisted; skillful
  •  stereotyped; passive
   •  variable; compensatory

12.  Physical growth during the preschool years is characterized by

•  spurts.
 •  plateaus.
  •  discrete stages of growth.
   •  rather smooth & predictable growth.

13.  Three-year-old Rick refuses to eat anything other than peanut butter & jelly sandwiches. What should his mother do to get him to vary his diet?

•  Offer a monetary or other non-food award if he agrees to taste other foods.
 •  Offer him only whatever the family is eating. When he gets hungry enough, he'll eat.
  •  Let him have the peanut butter & jelly sandwich but at the same time offer other foods.
   •  Tell him that he can have the peanut butter & jelly sandwich only after trying whatever
        the rest of the family is having.

14.  Children who look young for their age are usually seen as more

•  attractive.
 •  intelligent.
  •  well behaved.
   •  self-confident.

15.  At age 5 a child is better able to link spoken & written language due to

•  other qualitative changes in the brain.
 •  expansion of the corpus callosum.
  •  development of the frontal lobe.
   •  a combination of the above.

16.  Children are least  likely to learn gross motor skills by

•  adult instruction.
 •  opportunity to play.
  •  teaching themselves.
   •  learning from other children.

17.  _______ is twice as common & at least as damaging as _______.

•  Emotional abuse; neglect
 •  Physical abuse; neglect
  •  Sexual abuse; neglect
   •  Neglect; abuse

18.  A fine motor skill linked to later school success would be

•  muscular control.
 •  pouring juice from a pitcher.
  •  cutting food with a knife & fork.
   •  making meaningful marks on paper.

19.  Which of the following concerning foster care is not  true?

•  Foster children often do well as parents.
 •  The average stay in a foster home is 3 to 4 years.
  •  25% of foster children are involved in kinship care.
   •  The number of children needing care has risen by 200,000 per year.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

20.  Measures of secondary prevention of child abuse include

•  removing the child from the home.
 •  jailing the perpetrator.
  •  home visiting.
   •  all of the above.

21.  Term used to describe a situation in which an infant or young child gains little or no weight, despite apparently normal health & is a specific sign of neglect.

•  "badness of fit"
 •  "failure to thrive"
  •  "shaken baby syndrome"
   • "post-traumatic stress disorder"

22.  A child’s fixation on routine (the “just so” or “just right” phenomenon) usually peaks at around age

•  one.
 •  three.
  •  six.
   •  eight.

23.  What is the most effective level of prevention for either injury or maltreatment?

•  unitary
 •  primary
  •  tertiary
   •  secondary

24.  What do pierced ears & spanking have in common?

•  Both are illegal in most Asian cultures.
 •  Both are considered child abuse in some countries but not in others.
  •  Neither is considered appropriate before age 6.
   •  “Acceptable” for a child depends on the sex of the child.

25.  An undeveloped prefrontal cortex results in a lack of

•  intelligence.
 •  self-control.
  •  athletic ability.
   •  emotional outbursts.

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Lifespan Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     What a distressing contrast there is between the radiant intelligence of the child and the feeble mentality of the average adult.
- Sigmund Freud