Early knowledge is very valuable capital with which to set forth in life. It gives one an advantageous start. If the possession of knowledge has a given value at fifty, it has a much greater value at twenty-five; for there is the use of it for twenty-five of the most important years of your life; and it is worth more than a hundred per cent interest. Indeed, who can estimate the interest of knowledge? Its price is above rubies. -- Winslow.


decorative star graphic

Top of Page


Links:      •  Module Self Test
                •  Module (Print Ready)
                 •  Module Index

Ψ  Introduction
- Improve your studying! -

Ψ  A common complaint from students is that their study is ineffective; because, students are often poor judges of what they know, the use of self tests such as those in most texts & most textbook support web sites can fix this.

Ψ  A plan for time management using the right sort of goals is also effective in improving study results.

Types of study goals:

NewTime      NewGeneral      NewSpecific performance goals

Note   Reward yourself when goals are reached (self-reinforcement).

Note   Take notes!

  Use your own words.
   •  Use an outline format.
       •  Associate new material with old.
           •  Ask yourself questions as you study, then look for the answers.

Note   Stop procrastinating:

     1.  Stop thinking or worrying about the final goal, conquer today's work.
         2.  Break the overall task down into smaller more reachable goals.
             3.  Write down a realistic schedule that you know you can follow.

Note   Read the textbook!

Ψ   Many students don't bother to read the textbook before going to the lecture that will cover the material. Trying to get anything out of a lecture without reading the material first is like trying to find a new, unfamiliar place without using a map or a GPS device. You can get lost real quick. This is especially true because most instructors in the traditional college setting make the assumption that the student has in fact prepared for the class by reading the assignment to be covered by the lecture. The instructors then use the lecture to expound on the information the student has supposedly got from the reading. If the student's have failed to do the reading, the lecture may not make a lot of sense.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

Note   Think Critically!

Ψ   Critical thinking means making reasoned judgments. It is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief & action.

Ψ   A Critical thinker

  raises vital questions & problems, formulating them clearly & precisely.
  gathers & assesses relevant information. Uses abstract ideas to interpret that information effectively.
  comes to well-reasoned conclusions & solutions by testing them against relevant criteria & standards.
  thinks openmindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing & assessing, as need be, their assumptions, implications, & practical consequences.
  communicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems.

Topics in Psychology
Robert C. Gates