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Ψ  Social Psychology
- Aggression -

          Aggression is any behavior directed toward another that is intended to cause harm.

          Social cognitive theory says that much of human behavior, including aggressive behavior, may be learned through watching,  imitating, & modeling & does not require the observer to perform any observable behavior or receive any observable reward.

         The modified frustration-aggressive hypothesis says that although frustration may lead to aggression, a number of situational & cognitive factors may override the aggressive response.

General Psychology
Robert C. Gates