Ψ Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 8. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. A co-actor is someone who
• imitates you.
6. The primary effect of a crowd is that it
7. Social psychologists refer to our concern for how others are evaluating us as
8. Sanders & his colleagues have suggested that we are aroused in the presence of others, not only because of evaluation apprehension, but also because we
9. Research on social facilitation suggests that the design of new office buildings in which private offices are replaced with large, open areas may
16. When people cooperate on additive tasks, contributing their efforts toward a common goal,
they may be less motivated to perform well.
individual effort is facilitated by social arousal.
their efforts are usually boosted by a social bonding.
the presence of others stimulates them to work harder.
17. Social loafing refers to the tendency for people to
be insensitive to the needs of others.
violate social norms when no one is paying attention.
perform an unfamiliar task more poorly when others are around.
exert less effort when they put their efforts toward a common goal.
18. People who benefit from the group but give little in return are referred to as
19. Making group membersí performance individually identifiable seems to be one effective strategy for reducing
20. Which of the following is true about social loafing?
social loafers don't ride free.
The group situation decreases evaluation apprehension.
Individual members feel responsible for group performance & outcomes.
When people know they are being individually monitored, they are tempted to free-ride.
21. When groups are given challenging objectives, when they are rewarded for group success, & when there is a spirit of commitment to the team, group members
22. People in groups loaf less when
23. Social loafing would be least likely to occur in
24. Research suggests that social loafing occurs
25. A loss of self-awareness & evaluation apprehension can lead to
26. People who are made self-aware, e.g. by acting in front of a mirror or TV camera, have been found to
show increased self-confidence.
behave more consistently with their attitudes.
be less thoughtful in analyzing complex social issues.
be more vulnerable to persuasive appeals that run counter to social norms.
27. ______ is the other side of the coin from self-awareness.
28. Which of the following pairs are most clearly opposites?
29. Compared to self-aware people, deindividuated people are
30. On Halloween night, Diener et. al. conducted a study of trick-or-treat theft. Given a chance to steal candy, the children who were ______________ were most likely steal.
31. People are more likely to verbally push a person to jump off a bridge when it is dark &
32. Based on research, who is most likely to honk aggressively at someone stopped at a green light?
33. Which of the following circumstances contributes to people becoming deindividuated?
34. Given the relationship between self-awareness & deindividuation, the parting advice of a parent to a teenager going to a party might well be, ďhave fun, and ______.Ē
42. Groupthink can be defined as
• a tendency to suppress dissent in the interests of group harmony.
55. In groupthink, members of the group
58. What can we conclude about the relationship between persons & situations?
People often create their social situations.
People choose many of the situations that influence them.
Individuals vary in how they interpret & react to a given situation.
People do all of the above things.
59. When social pressure threatens a personís sense of __________, he or she is likely to rebel.
60. Attempting to restrict a personís freedom often produces an anti-conformity ________.
61. Knowing that someone is trying to coerce you may prompt you to do the opposite of that personís wishes. This response is predicted by
62. Confident minorities are most likely to influence the majority on matters of _______ than on matters of _______.
63. Bob is excellent at organizing his employees, setting goals, & focusing on achieving those goals for the company. Bob excels in
64. Research on leadership indicates that
all great leaders share certain traits.
effective supervisors tend to score high on both task & social leadership
the most effective leaders typically deviate significantly from a groupís standards.
social leaders consistently outperform task leaders regardless of organizational goals.
65. The degree of influence of any position depends on the strength, immediacy, & number of those who support that position according to
66. Research reveals that a minority person who had defected from the majority is
not at all persuasive.
more persuasive than a consistent minority voice.
ridiculed by the majority and rejected by the existing minority.
persuasive, but not as persuasive than a consistent minority voice.
Robert C. Gates
Civilization began the first time an angry person cast a word instead of a rock.
- Sigmund Freud