Ψ Initiative vs. Guilt - Erik Erikson, The third of the eight crises of psychosocial development, in which the preschool child eagerly begins new projects & activities.
- when successful the child exhibits a positive self image
- feels guilt when his or her efforts result in failure or criticism
Self-Concept & Social Awareness
- A child's ability to compromise gradually evolves.
- Older children do feel older, stronger, & more skilled than younger children, they become aware.
Ψ Emotional Regulation is the ability to direct or modify one’s feelings, particularly feelings of fear, frustration & anger.
Ψ Because of brain maturation, emotional regulation becomes more possible during preschool years.
Ψ Learning is crucial to emotional regulation!
- Caregivers guide children in the appropriate expression of emotion, teaching children to moderate anger or other negative emotions.
- learning can be negative, producing a phobia which is an irrational fear that is strong enough to make a person try to avoid the feared object or experience
Ψ Attachment & Emotional Regulation notes:
- Secure attachment - These children tend to react to other children’s emotions positively.
- Insecure attachment - Children who fail to develop secure attachment, can be excessively friendly at age 4 or 5.