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decorative star graphic Practice test for Early Childhood: Psychosocial Development

Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 10 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit three. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  In mainstream North American society, unlike in most others, the standards for rearing children are set by the

•  parents.
 •  community.
  •  government.
   •  extended family.

2.  Children with externalizing problems is to children with internalizing problems as______________ is to _____________.

•  implusive anger; attacking other people
 •  fearful; withdrawn
  •  undercontrolled; overcontrolled
   •  overcontrolled; undercontrolled

3.  When do 2-year olds need direct supervision?

•  in a "safe" room they can play unsupervised
 •  all the time except when feeding & dressing
  •  all the time except when playing with familiar peers
   •  all the time

4.  Empathy is to antipathy as______________ is to _____________.

•  antisocial; prosocia
 •  prosocial; antisocial
  •  disliking; hating
   •  understanding; knowing

5.  Which of the following is an example of relational aggression?

•  Emma told Linda to meet her in the schoolyard after lunch because she intended to beat her up.
 •  Even though it wasn't true, Kim told Rose that Lilly was spreading vicious rumors about her.
  •  Ever since they got the new video game, Kyle and his brother are always getting into fistfights over whose turn it is.
   •  Because he was trying to get the soccer ball away from her, Rick unintentionally tripped Misty and she scraped her knee.

6.  ___________ aggression is to lack of emotional regulation as ______ aggression is to social rejection.

•  Instrumental; relational
 •  Reactive; relational
  •  Relational; reactive
   •  Relational; bullying

7.  When preschoolers judge their own skills, they

•  tend to underestimate them.
 •  tend to overestimate them.
  •  have a realistic idea of their own abilities.
   •  defer to others as to their skill level.

8.  Gender differences are to ________ as sex differences are to ___________.

•  biology; culture
 •  culture; biology
  •  biology ; physical
   •  physical; biology

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

9. Which of the following is a defining feature of play among children?

a Intrinsic motivation
b Product-oriented activity
c Reliance on explicit rules
d A reality-bound perspective

10. Shame is to _____ as guilt is to _____.

a maturity; immaturity
b external control; self-regulation
c self-regulation; external control
d self-awareness; lack of self-awareness

11. Children who regulate their emotions and express empathy tend to

a be securely attached.
b be unfriendly.
c avoid bonding.
d exhibit shyness.

12. Which of the following is the best example of play governed by implicit rules?

a Playing doctor
b Playing soccer
c Playing monopoly
d Playing hopscotch

13. Which behavior is prosocial?

a Kim takes out the garbage for 50 cents
b Kyle helps his mother so that his mother will take him to the playground
c Kurt says "please" when asking his mother for a toy
d Emma feeds her baby brother because her mother is sick

14. Robert is three years old. As he progresses through the preschool years, his friendships will become more

a unstable
b focused on fantasy role playing.
c dependent on shared activities.
d likely to allow for differences & disagreements.

15. In sociodramatic play, children

a cooperate to build something.
b coordinate senses & motion.
c act out roles & create stories.
d engage in rough-and-tumble behavior.

16. The four aspects of parenting style are warmth, discipline, communication, & __________.

a trust
b supportiveness
c physical contact
d expectations of maturity

17. Children with little self control are most likely to have parents who are

a abusive.
b permissive.
c authoritarian.
d over-controlling.

18. Which of the following is in line with learning theory?

a Kim has some hostility toward her father.
b Kyle is trying to act like his father.
c Kurt realizes that he is a male and that he will always be male.
d Emma wears a dress, and both parents tell her how pretty she looks.

19.  Androgynous males & females

•  are as different as night & day.
 •  have reversed the standard sex differences.
  •  have many of the same personality characteristics.
   •  tend to be less nurturing than other normal people.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

20. Which type of play most requires theory of mind?

a reactive
b instrumental
c sociodramatic
d rough-and-tumble

21. The Oedipus complex is to males as the ____________ complex is to females.

a Eclectic
b Electra
c Phallic
d Superego

22. Erikson refers to the developmental stage, age 3 to 6 as:

a trust vs. mistrust.
b initiative vs. guilt.
c industry vs. inferiority.
d autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

23. Which style of parent is likely to resort to spanking?

a permissive
b authoritarian
c authoritative
d all of the above

24. Which style of parent is most likely to resort to spanking?

a permissive
b authoritarian
c authoritative
d all of the above

25.  The three theories that agree that family & culture influence gender development patterns are

•  learning, cognitive, & sociocultural.
 •  sociocultural, epigenetic, & learning.
  •  cognitive, sociocultural, & epigenetic.
   •  psychoanalytic, learning, & cognitive.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

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Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     What we call happiness in the strictest sense comes from the (preferably sudden) satisfaction of needs which have been dammed up to a high degree.

- Sigmund Freud