Ψ A child with special needs: A child for whom learning new skills & developing friendships are hampered by a psychological or physical disorder.
Ψ Learning Disabilities
- Mental retardation - slow learning in all, or almost all, intellectual abilities. The degree of retardation is usually measured by an intelligence test . In young children, mental retardation ( IQ of 70 or below )is often called pervasive developmental delay to allow for the possibility that the child will catch up to normal, age-appropriate development .
- Learning disability - difficult in mastering a specific cognitive skill that is not attributable to intellectual slowness, obvious impairment of the senses, lack of education, or family dysfunction
- Dyslexia - a specific learning disability involving unusual difficulty with reading; This is the most commonly diagnosed learning disability.
- Dyscalcula - a specific learning disability involving unusual difficult with math; usually becomes apparent by age 8.