Ψ What kind of school?
Ψ One that offers the optimum person-environment fit (the degree to which a particular environment is conducive to the growth of a particular individual) is the way to go.
The Adolescent Mind in the School Setting
Ψ Instead of an appropriate person-environmental fit, a volatile mismatch forms between many adolescents & their schools.
When compared to elementary schools most secondary schools have
- more rigid behavioral demands.
- more punitive grading practices.
- less individualized attention & procedures.
Ψ Secondary school teachers see themselves as less effective ( they
are ) Their students tend to see then as
- less friendly.
- less caring.
- less helpful.
Ψ In middle school injuries increase & achievement decreases.
Ψ By the end of high school, injuries decrease & achievement rises because
- the lowest achievers have dropped out.
- the students have become more intellectually mature.
- the person-environment fit improves with more freedom of choice.
Culture & Schools
Ψ Educational goals (and therefore educational content) differ by culture. In Texas, it would seem social promotion is out, as students are measured against minimum standards. The competition model is alive & well, but can be tempered by cooperative learning, examples follow.
team research projects
in class discussion groups
after school study groups
Note: The school's culture & climate, along with family attitude, rather than the adolescent's innate ability, are the prime ingredients for academic success.
Note: Intended curriculum refers to the content that educational leaders prescribe, implemented curriculum means what the teachers & the school administration offers, & attained curriculum refers to what students learn. Attained learning, of course, is crucial, intentions & implementation should be readjusted until students are learning as they should.
Part-time employment for the "money" or for any reason for that matter is probably NOT in the best interest of an adolescent.
Lifespan Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates