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decorative star graphic Practice Test for Adolescence: Cognitive Development

Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 15 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit five. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1. Piaget characterizes adolescent reasoning as

•  metacognition.
 •  the game of thinking.
  •  formal operational thought.
   •  concrete operational thought.

2. Which of the following is typical of formal operational thought?

a what is possible
b what is hypothetical
c what is contradictory
d all of these

3. Hypothetical thought is not

a tied to the real world.
b about imagined possibilities.
c part of formal operational thinking.
d reasoning about propositions that may or may not reflect reality.

4. A problem with adolescent reasoning is that it can

a become too reality bound.
b interfere with deductive reasoning.
c lead to agonizing reflection & self doubt.
d make it difficult to understand theoretical thought.

5. When using inductive thinking a person might think, "if it barks like a dog, & wags its tail like a dog, it must be a"

a mammal.
b dogfish.
c animal.
d dog

6. Trial & error problem solving is characteristic of

a realistic thought.
b hypothetical thought.
c formal operational thought.
d concrete operational thought.

7. Adolescent egocentrism is evident when an adolescent believes

a they personally are more socially significant than they really are.
b they receive adequate attention from their family & friends.
c their generation is similar to previous generations.
d their own ethnic group is better than others.

8. The personal fable refers to an adolescent's imagining that he or she is

a playing a role rather than live a real life.
b destined to life a heroic life.
c always the center of attention.
d much smarter & wiser that his or her parents.

9. All of the following are parts of adolescent egocentrism except the

a invincibility fable.
b imaginary audience.
c game of thinking.
d personal fable.

10.  The optimum person-environment fit is based on

•  the individual's strengths & learning style.
 •  the individual's developmental stage.
  •  society's traditions & future needs.
   •  all of these.

    It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

11. The term "imaginary audience" refers to an adolescent's

a fantasy that everyone is constantly attending to their behavior & appearance.
b belief that others are constantly spying on them.
c constant posing & posturing.
d ability to understand how others perceive them.

12. Adolescents typically

a pay no attention to criticism from others.
b care about criticism from peers, not adults.
c are very sensitive to criticism.
d do not criticize others.

13. A volatile mismatch occurs between

a teen couples.
b stepparents & stepchildren.
c teens & most high schools.
d athletes & non athletes.

14. Compared to elementary teachers, students believe most secondary teachers are more

a helpful.
b friendly.
c demanding.
d caring.

15. With competitive learning

a students are ranked against each other on individual performance.
b students are separated into groups based on ability.
c students are encouraged to work together.
d the goal is to understand the material.

16. Researchers find that group learning

a encourages independence.
b stresses competition.
c fosters excitement about learning.
d all of these

17. The main determinant to college enrollment by an adolescent is

a family background.
b individual potential.
c the ability to use formal operational thought.
d the ability to use deductive thinking.

18. Adolescents usually find employment

a which matters to them.
b for which they are prepared.
c through a methodical research of possibilities.
d through their friends and family.

19. A big problem with sexual commitment in adolescence is

a emotional stress.
b increased risk of STDs.
c unwanted pregnancy.
d early marriage.

20.  Teenagers may become pregnant because, they

•  want to do the opposite of what their parents say.
 •  believe that the risks do not apply to them.
  •  do not know about birth control.
   •  really do want to have children.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

21. Adolescents need protection from poor judgments because:

a their choices are long-lasting.
b the consequences of their choices are more serious.
c they have difficulty weighing risk against opportunity.
d all of these

22. To keep a realistic perspective on adolescent behavior, it is good to know that more than ___ of all teenagers reach age 20 alive & in good health.

a 85%
b 90%
c 95%
d 99%

23. The ability to analyze & the ability to reach conclusions that are intuitive lead adolescents toward:

a less flexibility.
b static reasoning.
c cognitive economy.
d using analytical thinking in their social life.

24. Part of the reason adolescents won't use hypothetical-deductive reasoning although they can is because:

a they are not egocentric enough.
b their brain has no conscious/unconscious pathway.
c their brain has no factual/creative pathway.
d they have two parallel, interacting modes of information processing.

25. Unlike individuals who possess formal operational thought, those who have only concrete operational thought would have trouble arguing;

a when they have tangible proof.
b a point of view based on a false premise.
c with their parents or other authority figures
d all of these!

26. At what age in humans is a "self-serving bias" present?

a childhood
b adulthood
c adolescence
d all of these!

27.  Intuitive thinking;

•  is rarely correct.
 •  is inefficient when used for personal issues.
  •  can become analytic & logical with guidance.
   •  can replace analytic & logical thinking in some cases.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

28. Which of the following is necessary for cognitive development?

a independent learning
b peer approval
c high grades
d personal involvement

29. School sex education programs help teens;

a help find appropriate partners.
b understand what it means to be sexually active.
c gain experience with concrete operational thinking.
d practice with the emotional expression that reflects their intuitive thinking.

30. Thinking that extrapolates from a specific experience to form a general premise is called

•  inductive reasoning.
 •  deductive reasoning.
  •  intuitive thinking.
   • hypothetical reasoning.

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Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     Obviously one must hold oneself responsible for the evil impulses of one's dreams. In what other way can one deal with them? Unless the content of the dream rightly understood is inspired by alien spirits, it is part of my own being.

- Sigmund Freud