Everywhere I go I find a poet has been there before me. Sigmund Freud


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Ψ  Self Test for Freudian & Humanistic Theories

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Module 19 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam five. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test.

1. What is defined as the combination of lasting & distinctive behaviors, thoughts, & emotions that typlify how we react and adapt to other people & situations?

a Personality
b Egocentrism
c Factor analysis
d Cognitive compliance

2. Freudís psychodynamic approach to personality emphasizes which of the following?

a self-actualization & personal freedom
b cognitive appraisals of oneís environment
c the measurement of traits &their stability
d conscious thoughts, unconscious forces, & unconscious motivation

3. Free association, dream interpretation, & Freudian slips are:

a techniques to discover the conscious
b techniques to discover the unconscious
c techniques to discover the extent of self-actualization
d examples of how real self & ideal self conflict with each other

4. The three divisions of the mind according to Freudís theory are:

a id, ego, and superego
b inner, peripheral, and outer
c id, regulator, and conscious
d pleasurer, governor, and regulator

5. Id is to ego as:

a need is to drive
b self is to other
c pleasure is to reality
d trend is to desire

6. Which defense mechanism uses acceptable excuses for behaviors which cause us to feel anxiety?

a denial
b repression
c rationalization
d reaction formation
e projection
f displacement
g sublimation

7. Fixation occurs:

a primarily in first-born children
b in Freud's oral, anal, or phallic stages
c primarily in males growing up in single-parent households
d when the ego realizes the defense mechanism is having little effect

8. Which of the following is a major event that occurs during the phallic stage?

a teething
b toilet training
c first crush on the opposite sex
d development of the Oedipus complex

9. Who is not considered one of Freudís former followers?

a Carl Jung
b Alfred Adler
c Carl Rogers
d Karen Horney

10. Freudís ideas such as id, ego, superego, repression, and unconscious forces:

a have been proved in several studies
b were actually developed by Carl Jung
c are very difficult to demonstrate experimentally or verify
d are assumed to be incorrect by most psychoanalytical theorists

11. Cognitive neuroscientists have developed the concept of __________ to take the place of Freudís theory of repressed unconscious forces.

a conscious thoughts
b the collective unconscious
c implicit or nondeclarative memory
d the phenomenological perspective

12. Which approach to personality stresses the achievement of human potential and personal growth?

a trait
b humanistic
c psychodynamic
d social-cognitive

13. The phenomenological perspective proposes that:

a our perceptions of the world become our reality
b defense mechanisms are helpful in denying reality
c reality is determined by our unconscious conflicts
d we base our reality on what we observe in our environment

14. ďYou are who you are because of your motivation, faith, intelligence, optimism, cheerfulness.Ē This is a good example of:

a locus of control
b the holistic view
c self-actualization
d the reality principle

15. By self-actualization, Maslow meant:

a fulfillment of our unique potential
b having our deficiency needs satisfied
c gaining recognition and status in society
d being loved and loving someone in return

16. In Carl Rogersí humanistic theory, he emphasizes two assumptions. These assumptions are:

a real self and ideal self
b achievement and recognition
c need for locus of control and conscious motivation
d self-actualizing tendency and personal need for positive regard

17. According to Carl Rogers, contradictions between _______ and ______ may result in personality problems.

a the real self; the ideal self
b deficiency needs; growth needs
c unconscious forces; conscious forces
d internal locus of control; external locus of control

18. In what way do the humanistic theories of personality differ from almost every other theory?

a People are motivated to get as much pleasure as they possibly can.
b The humanistic theories believe that people are basically bad.
c The humanistic theories believe that people are basically good.
d The humanistic theories believe that people are governed by their unconscious mind.

19. Positive regard that is given because the person is valued as a human being is called:

a cognition
b parental blindness
c conditional positive regard
d unconditional positive regard

20. Rorshach is to TAT as _____ is to ______.

a Freud; Skinner
b inkblots; pictures
c unconscious; conscious
d neurological; psychological

21. The humanistic viewpoint emphasizes

a Natural selection & practical skills.
b Free will, self-image, & self-actualization.
c Determinism, the unconscious, & self-actualization.
d The idea that "the environment is the key causal matrix."

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General Psychology
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

New Oh Thou, who Man of baser Earth didst make,
And ev'n with Paradise devise the Snake:
For all the Sin wherewith the Face of Man
Is blacken'd---Man's forgiveness give---and take!
New from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam