Ψ Practice Test
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Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. Jane is aware that she is sitting in her psychology class and it is almost lunchtime. She is also aware of how tired she is since staying up late to watch a movie. Thus, if Jane is aware of what is going on around her and what is going on within her, then it is safe to say that she is in a(an)
2. What part of the brain is influential in determining when to sleep?
3. Consciousness can be defined as
4. How many times a day is your body programmed to feel sleepy?
5. Which of the following groups needs up to 13 hours of sleep per night?
6. Carlos is pulling an all-nighter in preparation for his big psychology class tomorrow.
According to the research, what is the result on Carlos's memory when he deprives himself of sleep the night
prior to his exam?
7. The two states of sleep are REM (rapid eye movement) and NREM (non-rapid eye movement). How many stages of NREM (Rechtschaffen and Kales (R&K)
standardization of 1968) sleep are there?
8. Your uncle Karl, who recently retired, has mentioned how he doesn't sleep as well as he did when he was younger. For many years, he
regularly slept about 7-8 hours, but now that he is in his 60's he tends to get only 5-6 hours of sleep per night. What would you tell him?
9. Which of the following can result from not getting enough sleep?
10. You find yourself driving very
late at night. As you are driving you realize that you actually were falling off to sleep for a couple of seconds. Such a phenomenon
is known as
11. Studies have found that certain chemicals that help repair damaged cells only function while we sleep. What theory best explains this?
12. Sleep disorders and chronic sleep loss have been linked to which of the following?
13. In which stages of sleep do sleep spindles occur?
14. Josef has had a very demanding day. Through his work is not
physically challenging, it tends to mentally drain him. What type of sleep will Josef probably require more of?
15. Your Doctor has told you that your youngest son suffers from somnambulism. What is another name for somnambulism?
16. Sleepwalking may include other complex activities, such as:
17. Sleep apnea is characterized by pauses in breathing while you sleep. These pauses can occur how many times per hour?
18. Which of the following is the most common cause of nightmares?
19. Professor Smith is lecturing and notices a student in the back of the room who appears to be daydreaming. Professor Smith startles the student by asking, “Excuse me. Can I help you?” Given what we know about daydreaming, the student is most likely to be daydreaming about
20. ________ refers to awareness that differs from normal consciousness.
21. Gerald has difficulty falling off to sleep.
Harley can fall off to asleep easily but often wakes up early. Dale typically sleeps for 10 hours. All three are tired and not rested upon rising. Who seems to be experiencing
22. What is the literal meaning of circadian?
23. Very young infants who suffer from sleep apnea may be more at risk for SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome. Why might these infants have difficulty breathing?
24. REM sleep is called paradoxical sleep
25. REM rebound is caused by
26. Bill suddenly and without warning slips into REM sleep during the day. He often falls to the ground and is difficult to awaken. Bill may have a condition called
27. Irresistible attacks of sleepiness & muscle paralysis are symptoms of a sleep disorder called
28. Freud’s interpretation of dreams was based on the assumption that
29. The _________ theory suggests that sleep evolved because it prevented energy
waste and minimized exposure to dangers.
30. Calvin had a dream about his dog Snoopy in which he
constantly looked for him but couldn't find him. In reality, Calvin's dog died after being hit by a car. According to Sigmund Freud, his dream in
which he is searching for his dog is an example of ____________, while the inner meaning that he misses his dog terribly is an example of ______________.
31. What tends to happen to people as they age with regard to circadian preference?
32. After experiencing months of poor sleep, Ray is evaluated in a sleep laboratory. After his evaluation his doctor tells him that he is suffering from sleep apnea. This means that Ray has
33. When Tawny is asked to write down her dreams as a class
assignment, she is bothered by the fact that her dreams often seem to jump randomly from
scene to scene with little meaning. What theory best explains her dreams?
34. Anthony's therapist is using hypnosis to help him recall the night he was
supposedly abducted by aliens. Danny's therapist is using hypnosis to prepare for the pain of dental surgery since Danny is allergic to the dentist's pain killers. Patrick's therapist is using
hypnosis to help him quit drinking and smoking. Which client has the highest chance of
35. Hypnosis tends to be more effective in addressing problems related to _________, but less effective in problems related to __________.
36. What do hypnosis & LSD have in common?
37. Bobby agree to be
hypnotized during a comedy routine. While hypnotized he stood on his chair and crowed like a rooster. Later, when is friends asked why he did this, Bobby replied that he didn't know, it must have been because he was hypnotized. What theory best explains his behavior?
38. Once the individual has developed a behavioral pattern of drug abuse & an overwhelming desire to get and use the drug, then we say that the individual has developed a(n)
39. Jackie has found that when she tries to quit drinking, she gets headaches, has night sweats, and shakes uncontrollably. Such a reaction is an example of
40. A long-term effect of marijuana use is
41. What is the most commonly used and abused
42. Rose claims that cocaine is the most dangerous drug in terms of the number of deaths caused each year. Her belief is
43. Which drug, depending on the dosage, can be a
hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, or painkiller?
44. Which of the following is not a mechanism by which drugs change behavior?
Robert C. Gates
Beauty has no obvious use; nor is there any clear cultural necessity for it. Yet civilization could not do without it.
- Sigmund Freud