Ψ Practice Test for
Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exams . Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the practice tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. The steps to memory can best be described as follows:
2. According to Sperling, what is the capacity of iconic memory?
3. The three processes of memory are:
4. What is a good & accurate way to remember what iconic memory refers to?
5. Which type of memory best explains the "What?" phenomenon?
6. The function of sensory memory is to
7. For information to travel from sensory memory to short-term memory, it must first be ___________ and then encoded primarily into ___________ form.
8. Iconic is to echoic as _______ is to _______.
9. You are
introduced to someone at a party. While talking with the person, you realize that you have already forgotten the person's name. What amount of time does it typically take before such information is lost from short-term memory?
10. Of the following, which is not a function of sensory memory?
11. Early studies of the capacity of short-term memory suggested that most people could remember approximately __________ bits of information.
12. Which of the following pairs accurately describes the two central characteristics of short-term memory?
13. Mary just met an attractive man named Austin at a party. She wants to make sure she remembers his name. What should she do?
14. Repeating information over and over so that it does not fade from short-term memory is called ________ rehearsal.
15. __________ memory includes what people can do or demonstrate, whereas __________ memory is about what people know and can report.
16. We can retrieve __________ memory, but not __________ memory.
17. The semantic network model of memory suggests that the ___________ nodes you must pass through to access information, the longer it will take for you to recall information.
18. Actively making meaningful connections between the information you are learning with information you already know is called:
19. Phineas walks out of his office and into the conference room. However, after he leaves his office, he forgets what he was coming into the conference room for. According to the encoding specificity hypothesis , what should Phineas do to regain his lost memory?
20. Which of the following best demonstrates the difference between recognition and recall?
21. When creating a presentation, many public speaking instructors will tell you to develop a strong opening or attention getter to your presentation as well as a good summary and finish. What aspect of memory best explains these suggestions?
22. The classic forgetting curve that Ebbinghaus described for nonsense syllables has a:
23. Your mother tells you to dress for success at your interview because its all about "first impressions." In other words, she is telling you that people remember what they see first. This belief is in line with what element of memory?
24. It appears that the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon results from:
25. Research by Elizabeth Loftus show that eyewitness recognition is very prone to what psychologists call
26. There are at least three problems with eyewitness testimony. Which one of the following statements is not one of the problems?
27. The tendency of certain elements to enter long term memory with little or no effort to encode and
organize them is what defines
28. The ability to remember where you were and what you were doing when the United States was attacked on September 11, 2001, in an example of
29. Which of the following is true about the process of encoding?
30. The part of memory that traditionally has a capacity of about 7 items
duration can be increased through techniques such as maintenance rehearsal and chunking is called:
Hermean Ebbinghaus's classic study on memory and the forgetting curve, how long after learning the list does most forgetting happen?
32. You are
surprised by the fact that you cannot remember if Abraham Lincoln's head faces the left or right on a penny. This is all the more
surprising given the fact that you work with money at your job on nearly a daily basis. What
would best explain such an inability to recall the information?
33. Henry Gustav Molaison, infamously known as H.M., was unable to form new declarative memories. He suffered from what psychologists call
34. Your English instructor has given you an assignment to write down your most favorite memory from when you were 12 months old. What might you tell him?
35. Which of the following is NOT an example of recall?
36. A young girl does not remember how to play a piece of music on her saxophone because she never really paid close attention to the music when she was first learning the piece. This is an example of what theory of forgetting?
37. Julie first learned French, then she learned Spanish. However, she finds that often times when she speaks French, Spanish words seem to creep in. This is an example of _______________.
38. Which of the following is not a stage in the information-processing model of memory?
39. What do episodic and semantic memories have in common?
40. The expression "You can't teach an old dog new tricks" would support which theory of forgetting"?
Robert C. Gates
“It is impossible to escape the impression that people commonly use false standards of measurement — that they seek power, success and wealth for themselves and admire them in others, and that they underestimate what is of true value in life.”
- Sigmund Freud