my view decorative banner  psi symbol decorative star graphic


decorative star graphic

Top of Page


Links:    •  Instructor's Notes
               •  Practice Test (Print Ready)

decorative star graphic Practice Test for Adolescence: Psychosocial Development

Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 16 & are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit five. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  One of the first steps in self-definition involves

•  setting a career goal.
 •  finding a sexual partner.
  •  consistency among emotions, thoughts, & actions.
   •  separating from parents emotionally & physically.

2. According to Erikson, adolescence is the stage of

a intimacy versus isolation.
b integration versus separation.
c identity versus role confusion.
d independence versus neediness.

3. Identity foreclosure is

a refusing to vote.
b joining a religious cult.
c dropping out of school.
d choosing a career path different from that urged by parents & counselors.

4. Negative identity can lead a teen to

a experiment with a variety of roles.
b take a role that is the opposite of social expectations.
c accept their culture's goals without self-examination.
d have few commitments to goals or values and little motivation.

5. Identity diffusion is often characterized by

a apathy.
b foreclosure.
c delinquency.
d rejection of social values.

6. One way to legitimatize a moratorium is to

a have a baby.
b get married.
c smoke marijuana.
d join the Air Force.

7.  Ed tends to be sexist, racist, & homophobic. He has a strong sense of ethnic identity; his identity status is most likely

a in a moratorium.
b one of achievement.
c in foreclosure.
d subject to diffusion.

8. A typical sequence of identity status is

a diffusion, moratorium, achievement.
b diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium.
c moratorium, foreclosure, achievement.
d negative, moratorium, foreclosure.

9. Achieving an identity

a can take ten years or more.
b usually take three or four years.
c is often preceded by a mental breakdown.
d seems more difficult for boys than girls.

10.  Which of the following alternate identity statuses has the highest level of self-esteem associated with it?

•  negative
 •  diffusion
  •  foreclosure
   •  moratorium

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

11. Identity is easiest to achieve in a society that

a agrees on basic values, and social change is rapid.
b agrees on basic values and social change is slow.
c disagrees on basic values, and social change is rapid.
d disagrees on basic values, and social change is slow.

12. In most modern & postindustrial societies, cultural consensus

a is common. but continuity is rare.
b is rare, but continuity typically exists.
c and continuity are common.
d and continuity are rare.

13. That parents want continuity of their values & adolescents want independence reflects

a the family stake.
b the generational stake.
c a generation gap.
d intergenerational strife.

14. Parents are most likely to bicker with

a older adolescents.
b late maturing adolescents
c girls rather than boys.
d the latter born rather than the firstborn.

15. What doesn't the peer group become for normal adolescents?

a a self-help group.
b a substitute family.
c a sounding board for value definition.
d a mirror in which they can check own progress.

16. Peer Pressure

a always involves negative activities.
b means wanting to conform to your friends.
c increases throughout adolescence.
d has no effect on adults.

17. Any deliberate act of self-destruction that does not result in death is called

a attempted suicide.
b suicide ideation.
c parasuicide.
d premeditated suicide.

18. Which of the following about adolescent suicide is true?

a the rate is triple what it was in 1960.
b the rate is twice that of adults.
c almost all teens who seriously consider suicide attempt it.
d the present rate is about 1 in 500 yearly.

19. Regarding juvenile arrest rates

a boys are twice as likely to be arrested as girls.
b delinquency increases throughout the teen years.
c most adolescents admit to breaking a law for which they could have been arrested.
d african-american youth are arrested seven times as often as european-americans

20.  In examining victimization, it was found that

•  adults are more likely than adolescents to be victims.
 •  most victims of adolescent crime are adolescents.
  •  children are more likely to be victims than adolescents.
   •  children are more likely to be victims than adolescents.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

21. Which of the following is not one of the common types of "false selves"?

a pleasing false self
b religious false self
c acceptable false self
d experimental false self

22. Of Erikson's four identity statuses, which of the following is characterized by not questioning & high commitment?

a diffusion
b foreclosure
c moratorium
d achievement

23. Individuals with which of the following identity status or statuses are considered to have an identity?

a achievement only
b achievement & foreclosure
c achievement & moratorium
d achievement, foreclosure, & moratorium

24. Which of the following about the prevalence of internalizing problems and externalizing problems among adolescent males & females is a true statement?

a Internalizing problems are more common among males, & externalizing
      problems are more common among females.

b Both internalizing problems & externalizing problems are more common
      among males than among females.

c Internalizing problems are more common among females, & externalizing
      problems are more common among males.

d Both internalizing problems & externalizing problems are more common
      among males than among females.

25. Suicidal ideation refers to:

a thinking about suicide
b feelings of sadness or hopelessness.
c a deliberate act of self-destruction that does not end in death.
d the belief that suicide is an effective way of getting back at one's parents or peers.

26. How would Anna Freud describe adolescent rebellion & defiance?

a They are normal.
b They are problematic.
c They signify developmental delay.
d They are evidence of being stuck in the latency period.

27. Arrest statistics do not accurately reflect the prevalence of adolescent delinquency because:

a police exaggerate juvenile crimes.
b older criminals lie about their age.
c many offenses never come to police attention.
d more juvenile offenses lead to arrest than do adult crimes.

28. That parents want adolescents to be loyal to the family and that adolescents want to become independent reflects:

a the family stake.
b a generation gap.
c generational stake.
d intergenerational strife.

29. Which of the following is the general pattern of heterosexual attraction?

a small mixed-sex group, pairing off of couples, loose association of boys'
      & girls' same-sex groups

b loose association of boys' & girls' same-sex groups, pairing off of couples,
      small mixed-sex group

c loose association of boys' & girls' same-sex groups, small mixed-sex
      group, pairing off of couples

d small mixed-sex group, loose association of boys' & girls' same-sex
      groups, pairing off of couples

30.  Which of the following delays the peak of parent-child conflict?

•  single parenthood
 •  school achievement
  •  parental lack of concern
   •  cultural encouragement of child dependency

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

31. Dimensions of family qualities in parent-teenager relationships include all of the following except:

a social structures.
b support.
c control.
d conflict.

32. The basic sequence in romantic attraction seems to:

a vary greatly between cultures.
b follow the same timeline across cultures.
c not manifest itself consistently across cultures.
d be biologically based, & thus consistent across cultures.

33. False & contradictory selves are _____ common at the _____ of adolescence.

a less common; end
b more common; end
c less common; beginning
d equally; beginning & end

34. Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding identity status?

a Both diffusion & foreclosure are questioning statuses with commitment.
b The statuses are straightforward: vocational, sexual, religious, & political.
c An adolescent can be at various identity statuses simultaneously.
d The 4 statuses are: identity achievement, moratorium, diffusion, negative identity.

35. Adolescents who have a controversial status among their friends are

a uniformly disliked.
b mostly liked by their peers.
c neither liked nor disliked by their peers.
d liked by some of their peers & disliked by others.

•  Print Friendly Version

Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     One... gets an impression that civilization is something which was imposed on a resisting majority by a minority which understood how to obtain possession of the means to power and coercion. It is, of course, natural to assume that these difficulties are not inherent in the nature of civilization itself but are determined by the imperfections of the cultural forms which have so far been developed.

- Sigmund Freud