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Self TestPractice Test for
Emerging Adulthood:
Psychosocial Development


Ψ  Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 19. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam six. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.

    Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.

1.  According to Erikson, the stage of intimacy versus isolation

•  is followed by the search for identity.
 •  occurs only if one avoids stagnation.
  •  is characterized by by the need for generativity.
   •  involves the need to share one's life with someone else.

2.  Most developmental theorists today believe that

•  intimacy always proceed Generativity.
 •  Generativity cannot appear before age 40.
  •  adulthood is divided into a specific sequence of stages.
   •  stages of adult development are not necessarily age related.

3.  Ethnic identity

•  is reciprocal, both a personal choice & a response to others.
 •  depends on context & therefore changes with time & circumstances.
  •  is multifaceted: emerging adults choose some attributes & reject

   •  all of the above.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

4.  Which of the following is a synonym for Intimacy?

•  affiliation
 •  sexuality
  •  generativity
   •  self-esteem

5. One of the four gateways to attraction in friendship is

a apparent availably.
b average yearly income.
c exclusion criteria.
d infrequent exposure.

6. In cross-sex friendships, who is more likely to sexualize a non-romantic relationship?

a whoever is the younger.
b both sexes equally.
c women more likely.
d men more likely.

7. Which correlates with passionate love?

a a stable personality
b a new relationship
c honesty about oneself
d trust over the years

8. According to Sternberg, when commitment, passion, & intimacy are all present, the form of love is

a romantic.
b compassionate.
c consummate.
d fatuous.

9. Generally, cohabitating couples

a believe they will have stronger marriages.
b do not intend to marry.
c have stronger marriages when they marry.
d are less common than the published statistics suggest.

10. The dominant traits of commitment are

a excitement & risk.
b passion & freedom.
c devotion & dependence.
d independence & accomplishment.

11. Compared to marriages within the 1st year or 2 after the couple is formed, marriages postponed for several years tend to be

a more happy.
b less happy.
c less likely to end in divorce.
d the same as any other marriage.

12.  Marriage between people of different backgrounds is called

•  heterosexuality.
 •  homogamy.
  •  heterogamy.
   •  role incompatibility.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

13. From 1980 to 2000, U.S. divorce rates have

a leveled off.
b decreased a little.
c increased somewhat.
d increased a lot.

14. Compared to a hundred years ago, couples today expect ________ from a relationship, & devote ______ of themselves to it.

a more; more
b less; less
c less; more
d more; less

15.  The various qualities, such as appearance & proximity, that are prerequisites for the formation of close friendships & ultimate relationships are called

•  intimacy paradigms.
 •  social exchange prerequisites.
  •  the dimensions of love.
   •  the gateways to attraction.

16. Research shows that _______ is more likely in cohabiting couples than in married couples.

a fidelity
b abuse
c sharing
d interdependence

17. What is a result of intimate terrorism?

a common couple violence
b deceleration of violence with age
c violence on the part of both spouses
d battered wife syndrome

18.  A sizable proportion of adults report having a "happiness bump" in their mid

•  20s.
 •  30s.
  •  40s.
   •  60s.

It's a Mickey Mouse World , isn't it?

19.  The term psychopathology is used to denote behaviors or experiences which are indicative of

•  low cognitive functioning.
 •  mental illness
  •  genetic malformations.
   •  stress.

20.  In the ___________ model, a non-biological or genetic vulnerability or predisposition interacts with the environment & life events (stressors) to trigger behaviors or psychological disorders.

•  linked lives
 •  PTSD
  •  diathesis-stress
   •  hikikomori

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Growth & Development
Robert C. Gates
Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity.  -- Freud

     A man should not strive to eliminate his complexes but to get into accord with them: they are legitimately what directs his conduct in the world.

- Sigmund Freud