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Links:      •  Approaches - Self Test
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                 •  Approaches Index

Ψ  Operant & Cognitive Approaches
- Cognitive Conditioning -

new  Cognitive Conditioning (Learning)

    Edward Tolman - The cognitive map is a mental representation in the brain of the layout of the environment & its features.

    Albert Bandura - The observational learning hypothesis is supported by the classic Bobo Doll experiment.

Bandura's Social Cognitive Learning; four processes:

•  The observer must pay ATTENTION.
     •  The observer must store the information in MEMORY.
         •  The observer then must be able to use the stored knowledge in IMITATION.
            •  The observer must have the MOTIVATION to do so.

New  Insight learning (Kohler), (the "ah ha" experience) is another example of cognitive learning.

General Psychology
Robert C. Gates