Different Kinds of Therapists
Psychiatrists go to medical school, receive an M.D. degree, and then take a psychiatric residency, which involves additional training in pharmacology, neurology, psychopathology, and psychotherapeutic technique.
Clinical psychologists go to graduate school in clinical psychology and earn a doctorate degree (Ph.D., Psy.D., or Ed.D.).
Counseling psychologists go to graduate school in psychology or education and earn a doctorate degree (Ph.D., Psy.D., or ed.D).
Different Therapy Approaches
Insight therapy where the therapist & client talk about the client’s symptoms & problems with the goal of reaching or identifying the cause of the problem.
Cognitive-behavior therapy involves the application of principles of learning. The therapist focuses on the client’s problem, identifies specific thoughts & behaviors that need to be changed & provides techniques based on learning principles to make desired changes.
The eclectic approach involves combining & using techniques & ideas from many different therapeutic approaches.
Medical therapy involves the use of various psychoactive drugs to treat mental disorders by changing biological factors, such as the levels of neurotransmitters.
Robert C. Gates