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Ψ  Classical Conditioning
- Explanations -

Ψ  Three explanations of classical conditioning:

       •  Stimulus substitution - An account of respondent conditioning, no longer widely accepted, stating that the CS becomes a substitute for the US.
       •  Contiguity theory - A response that occurs when a stimulus is present will automatically become associated with it.
       •  Cognitive perspective - classical conditioning occurs because an organism learns what to expect (is able to predict). Backward conditioning where the UCS occurs before the NS does not work.

General Psychology
Robert C. Gates