Practice Test for the
introduction & Hindsight Bias!
Ψ Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on modules 1 & 2. The questions are selected to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam one. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not
covered in the practice tests or in lectures but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, interactive activities, & material on the web site.
Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. Click on your choice to see if you are right.
1. Which of the following terms implies testable predictions?
2. A "good" theory makes clear predictions, that we can use to
3. If you found a perfect positive correlation between a predictor variable (A) & an outcome variable (Y), which of the following conclusions would be appropriate?
4. You conduct a study investigating the relationship between hours of physical exercise per week (A) & hours of television watched per week (B). You find a general trend in your results: people who watch less TV tend to spend more time exercising. This is an example of a _____ relationship between variables A & B.
5. You conduct a investigation into the relationship between study time & performance on a statistics exam. You find that, as study time increases, performance on the exam also tends to increase. A possible value for your correlation coefficient in this case would be
6. Asks whether two or more factors are naturally associated.
7. The degree to which an experiment absorbs & involves its participants is called
8. The degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations is called
9. Which of the following ethical principles dealing with research has an exception not noted?
10. Hindsight bias
11. Research on hindsight bias indicates that:
• people are very good at making predictions about events that have not yet occurred.
• people who do not know the outcome of an event will wait until it occurs before making a prediction.
• people who already know the outcome of an event tend to overestimate the predictability of that event.
• people who already know the outcome of an event tend to underestimate the predictability of that event.
12. When a laboratory experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations, the experiment has
• quality control.
• mundane realism.
• situational validity.
• experimental realism.
13. The conclusion to be drawn from research on "hindsight bias" is that our common sense is usually
• right after the fact.
• wrong after the fact.
14. Two contradictory criticisms faced by social psychology are that its findings are obvious & that its findings
• are trivial.
• are untrue.
• are contradictory.
• could be used to manipulate people.
15. Only when experimental participants were informed that a woman was raped did they perceive the woman's behavior as inviting rape. This best illustrates that victim-blaming is fueled by:
• social gravity.
• hindsight bias.
• self-fulfilling prophecies.
• the mere exposure effect.
• the foot-in-the door phenomenon.
16. An experimenter has one group of participants eat fried chicken that was packaged in a blue carton, while a second group of participants ate the same brand of fried chicken packaged in a yellow carton. Participants then indicated how much they liked the
fried chicken. The independent variable was:
17. In the previous question, the dependent variable was:
18. The most important assumption of social psychologists that is listed below is
19. In order for a theory of a phenomenon (such as the theory of evolution by natural selection) to be considered to be a "fact" (a true theory), researchers testing that theory must have
20. The use of chance procedures used in a psychology experiment to ensure that each participant has the same opportunity to be assigned to any given group is called
Robert C. Gates
It is impossible to overlook the extent to which civilization is built upon a renunciation of instinct.
- Sigmund Freud